Advertisement

The Quality of Life in Dhaka, Bangladesh: Neighborhood Quality as a Major Component of Residential Satisfaction

  • Abul Mukim Mozammel Haque MridhaEmail author
  • Gary T. Moore
Chapter
Part of the Social Indicators Research Series book series (SINS, volume 45)

Abstract

Quality of life and the quality of the urban environment throughout the world are issues of concern for researchers as well as planners, policy makers, and urban residents. The chapter explores the quality of life (QOL) in six major residential areas in Dhaka, Bangladesh, as part of a citywide research program examining residential environments. How people assess their lives and life experiences and, in particular, their satisfactions with housing and neighborhoods are examined. Findings indicate the importance of the holistic socio-physical neighborhood as a major contributor to residential satisfaction in medium-rise and high-rise housing in Dhaka. Other findings revealed that specific socio-physical features of the neighborhood and community influence overall life satisfaction more than physical design features of dwellings.

Keywords

Life Satisfaction Neighborhood Environment Residential Environment Recreation Facility Apartment Building 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This chapter reports on the part of the research from an unpublished PhD thesis submitted by the first author under the supervision of the second author to the University of Sydney, 2010. The research was supported by Endeavour International Postgraduate Research Scholarship to the first author. Acknowledgement is extended also to members of the Environment, Behaviour and Society Research Group for critical feedback, to five research assistants in Dhaka, and to the residents of Dhaka who participated as respondents in this research.

References

  1. Adriaanse, C. C. M. (2007). Measuring residential satisfaction: A residential environment satisfaction scale (RESS). Journal of Housing and Built Environment, 22(3), 287–304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Afsar, R. (2000). Rural-urban migration in Bangladesh: Causes, consequences and challenges. Dhaka: Dhaka University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Ahmed, E. (2009). Dhaka: Visual records of its colourful past. Retrieved September 25, 2009, from http://dhakadailyphoto.blogspot.com/2007/06/maps-dhaka-and-bangladesh.html
  4. Alreck, P. L., & Settle, R. B. (1995). The survey research handbook (2nd ed.). Chicago: Irwin.Google Scholar
  5. BBS. (1997). Population census 1991: National report provisional. Dhaka: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), Government of Bangladesh.Google Scholar
  6. BBS. (2001). Population census 2001: National report provisional. Dhaka: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), Government of Bangladesh.Google Scholar
  7. BBS. (2003). Population census 2001: National report provisional. Dhaka: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), Government of Bangladesh.Google Scholar
  8. BBS. (2009). Statistical pocket book 2009. Dhaka: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), Government of Bangladesh.Google Scholar
  9. Blanco, A., & Chacon, F. (1985). The evaluation of the quality of life. In J. F. Morales, A. Blanco, & C. H. y. Fernandez (Eds.), Applied social psychology. Bilbao: Desclee de Brouwer.Google Scholar
  10. British Library. (2009). Dhaka circa 1880s: Buriganga River (photograph from the Asia, Pacific & Africa collections). British Library Online Gallery. London, British Library. Retrieved September 2009, from http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/onlineex/apac/index.html
  11. Brower, S. (2003). Designing for community. College Park: University of Maryland Press.Google Scholar
  12. Burby, R. J., III, & Weiss, S. F. (1976). New communities USA. Lexington: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  13. Chi, P. S. K., & Griffin, M. D. (1980). Social indicators for measuring residential satisfaction in marginal settlements in Costa Rica. Social Indicators Research, 8(4), 453–465.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Das, D. (2008). Urban quality of life: A case study of Guwahati. Social Indicators Research, 88, 297–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. DCC. (1999). Dhaka City Corporation (DCC) profile. Dhaka: Dhaka City Corporation. Retrieved February 21, 2009, from http://www.dhakacity.org/Page/Menu_Profile/Profile/Category/1/Profile_info.
  16. de Vaus, D. A. (2002). Surveys in Social Research (5th ed.). Crow’s Nest, Australia: Allen and Unwin.Google Scholar
  17. Diener, E., & Suh, E. (1997). Measuring quality of life: Economic, social, and subjective indicators. Social Indicators Research, 40, 189–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Donovan, N., & Halpern, D. (2002). Life satisfaction: The state of knowledge and implications for government. London: Cabinet Office/Prime Minister’s Strategy Unit.Google Scholar
  19. Francescato, G., Weidemann, S., Anderson, J. R., & Chenoweth, R. E. (1979). Residents’ satisfaction in HUD-assisted housing: Design and management factors. Washington, DC: US Department of Housing and Urban Development.Google Scholar
  20. García-Mira, R., Uzzell, D. L., Real, E., & Romay, J. (2005). Housing, space and quality of life: Introduction. In R. García-Mira, D. L. Uzzell, E. Real, & J. Romay (Eds.), Housing, space and quality of life (pp. 1–5). Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  21. Geology.com. (2009). World map: Political. Retrieved September 25, 2009, from http://geology.com/world/world-map.shtml
  22. Hackenbroch, K., & Gruebner, O. (2005). Land use and land cover mapping in informal settlements: The case of Dhaka, Bangladesh. ITC expert meeting on slum mapping, Technical University Dortmund, May 2008. Retrieved November 12, 2010, from http://www.ciesin.org/confluence/download/attachments/34308102/Hackenbroch_presentation_Dhaka.pdf?version=1
  23. Hossain, S. (1990). Echoes from old Dhaka. Dhaka: Hakkanni.Google Scholar
  24. Hur, M., & Morrow-Jones, H. (2008). Factors that influence residents’ satisfaction with neighborhoods. Environment and Behavior, 40(5), 619–635.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Husna, S., & Nurizan, Y. (1987). Housing provision and satisfaction of low-income households in Kuala Lumpur. Habitat International, 11(4), 27–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Islam, S. (Chief Ed.). (2004). Banglapedia: National encyclopedia of Bangladesh. Dhaka: Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.Google Scholar
  27. Izutsua, T., Tsutsumi, A., Islam, A. M., Kato, S., Wakai, S., & Kurita, H. (2006). Mental health, quality of life, and nutritional status of adolescents in Dhaka, Bangladesh: Comparison between an urban slum and a non-slum area. Social Science and Medicine, 63, 1477–1488.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Jackson, T. (2002). Quality of life, economic growth and sustainability. In M. Cahill & A. Fitzpatric (Eds.), Environment and welfare: Towards a green social policy (pp. 97–116). London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  29. Khaleque, A. (1995). Industrial pollution and quality of life of workers in Bangladesh. Journal of Human Ergology, 24(1), 13–23.Google Scholar
  30. Khaleque, A. (1999). Sleep deficiency and quality of life of shift workers. Social Indicators Research, 46(2), 181–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Lee, B. A., Oropesa, R. S., & Kanan, J. W. (1994). Neighborhood context and residential mobility. Demography, 31(2), 249–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Madanipour, A., Cars, G., & Allen, J. (Eds.). (1998). Social exclusion in European cities. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.Google Scholar
  33. Mamun, M. (1991). Dhaka: Tale of a city. Dhaka: Dhaka City Museum.Google Scholar
  34. Marans, R. W., & Rodgers, W. L. (1975). Toward an understanding of community satisfaction. In A. H. Hawley & V. P. Rock (Eds.), Metropolitan America in contemporary perspective (pp. 299–352). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  35. Marans, R. W., & Spreckelmeyer, K. F. (1981). Evaluating the built environment: A behavioural approach. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Institute for Social Research and the Architectural Laboratory.Google Scholar
  36. Mashreque, M. S. (2009). Dhaka’s environment suffers urban impact [electronic version]. The Daily Star Online (Bangladesh). Retrieved December 24, 2009, from http://www.thedailystar.net/newDesign/news-details.php?nid=107999
  37. McGee, T. (2006). Urbanization takes on new dimensions in Asia’s population giants [electronic version]. Population Reference Bureau. Retrieved February 10, 2009, from http://www.prb.org/Articles/2001/UrbanizationTakesonNewDimensionsinAsiasPopulationGiants.aspx
  38. Mesch, G. S., & Manor, O. (1998). Social ties, environmental perception, and local attachment. Environment and Behavior, 4, 504–519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Michelson, W. (1977). Environmental choice, human behavior, and residential satisfaction. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  40. Morrison, N. (2003). Neighbourhoods and social cohesion: Experiences from Europe. International Planning Studies, 2(8), 115–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Moudon, A. V., & Ryan, M. (1994). Reading the residential landscape. In S. J. Neary, M. S. Symes, & F. E. Brown (Eds.), The urban experience: A people-environment perspective (pp. 183–313). Edmonds, Suffolk: St Esmondsbury Press.Google Scholar
  42. Nilsson, J., Grafström, M., Zaman, S., & Kabir, Z. N. (2005). Role and function: Aspects of quality of life of older people in rural Bangladesh. Journal of Aging Studies, 3, 363–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Nilsson, J., Rana, A. K. M. M., & Kabir, Z. N. (2006). Social capital and quality of life in old age. Journal of Aging and Health, 3, 419–434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Rana, A. K. M. M., Wahlin, A., Lundborg, C. S., & Kabir, Z. N. (2009). Impact of health education on health-related quality of life among elderly persons: Results from a community-based intervention study in rural Bangladesh. Health Promotion International, 1, 36–45.Google Scholar
  45. Romice, O. (2005). Neighbourhood quality of life-global and local trends, attitudes and skills for development. In R. García-Mira, D. L. Uzzell, E. Real, & J. Romay (Eds.), Housing, space and quality of life (pp. 71–79). Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  46. Salleh, A. G. (2008). Neighbourhood factors in private low-cost housing in Malaysia. Habitat International, 32(4), 485–493.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Siddiqui, K., Qadir, S. R., Alamgir, S., & Haq, S. (1993). Social formation in Dhaka city. Dhaka: Dhaka University Press.Google Scholar
  48. UNDP. (1994). UNDP 1994 report on human development in Bangladesh: Empowerment of women. Dhaka: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abul Mukim Mozammel Haque Mridha
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gary T. Moore
    • 2
  1. 1.Urban Research CentreUniversity of Western SydneyParramattaAustralia
  2. 2.Faculty of Architecture, Design and PlanningThe University of SydneySydneyAustralia

Personalised recommendations