Educational Ideas and Surgical Education

  • Heather Fry
Part of the Advances in Medical Education book series (AMEDUC, volume 2)


This chapter adopts the position that changes to medical and surgical education over the last 25 years can only be properly understood through an appreciation of the evolution of key educational ideas over that period. It also postulates that understanding of key educational ideas is central to effective responses to, and participation in, changes in surgical training. This chapter introduces a range of learning theories – both cognitive and social – evolving ideas about hierarchies of knowledge, learning outcomes and curriculum design, work-based learning, and the role of assessment in learning. These areas form a useful underpinning to subsequent book chapters; in each case an attempt is made to show how they can be used to understand, explain, and enhance surgical education. It uses problem-based learning as a case study. The chapter concludes by pointing to some implications of educational ideas for surgical training, trainers, and trainees.


Activity Theory Clinical Reasoning Educational Practice Surgical Training Curriculum Design 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE)BristolUK

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