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  • Erkki Tomppo
  • Juha Heikkinen
  • Helena M. Henttonen
  • Antti Ihalainen
  • Matti Katila
  • Helena Mäkelä
  • Tarja Tuomainen
  • Nina Vainikainen
Chapter
Part of the Managing Forest Ecosystems book series (MAFE, volume 22)

Abstract

The estimation of area in NFI is based on the official land area of Finland as presented in Sect. 3.1. The official land area estimates from January 1st in the year succeeding the inventory of each region was used in the calculations of the NFI9 results. Finland’s total land area used in the NFI9 calculations was 30.447 million ha, of which 15.461 million ha were in South Finland and 14.986 million ha in North Finland (Table 4.1 Table A.1). The land area had varied to some extent since the beginning of the 1950s due to two main reasons. The land area is still slightly increasing due to isostatic recovery following the last ice age. This is strongest in regions in Western Finland adjacent to the Gulf of Bothnia (where the adjustment is about 9 mm/year), and in South Finland along the north coast of the Baltic Sea (about 2–3 mm/year). The construction of water reservoirs has decreased the land area in North Finland by some 63,000 ha. The official land area determined by the National Land Survey (Suomen pinta-ala kunnittain 2003) has also varied during the past 50 years as earlier estimates have been replaced by more accurate ones. The change in land area resulting from the improved official data is greater that that caused by isostatic recovery and by the construction of water reservoirs.

Keywords

Mineral Soil Forest Land Dead Wood Volume Increment Forest Land Area 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erkki Tomppo
    • 1
  • Juha Heikkinen
    • 2
  • Helena M. Henttonen
    • 2
  • Antti Ihalainen
    • 2
  • Matti Katila
    • 1
  • Helena Mäkelä
    • 2
  • Tarja Tuomainen
    • 3
  • Nina Vainikainen
    • 2
  1. 1.The Finnish Forest Research InstituteVantaaFinland
  2. 2.National Forest Inventory/VantaaThe Finnish Forest Research InstituteVantaaFinland
  3. 3.Greenhouse Gas Reporting/VantaaThe Finnish Forest Research InstituteVantaaFinland

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