Photosynthesis pp 251-274 | Cite as

Heat Stress: Susceptibility, Recovery and Regulation

  • Prasanna Mohanty
  • Vladimir D. Kreslavski
  • Vyacheslav V. Klimov
  • Dmitry A. Los
  • Mamoru Mimuro
  • Robert Carpentier
  • Suleyman I. Allakhverdiev
Part of the Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration book series (AIPH, volume 34)


The primary targets of thermal damage in plants are the oxygen-evolving complex and its associated cofactors in photosystem II (PS II), carbon fixation by Rubisco (Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase oxygenase) and the ATP generating system. The enzyme Rubisco activase is extremely sensitive to weak and moderate heat stress. Recent investigations on the combined action of moderate light intensity and heat stress suggest that moderately high temperatures do not cause serious PS II damage but inhibit the repair of PS II. The latter largely involves de novo synthesis of proteins, particularly the D1 protein of the photosynthetic machinery that is damaged due to generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), resulting in reduced rates of carbon fixation and oxygen evolution, as well as disruption of linear electron flow. The attack of ROS during moderate heat stress principally affects the repair system of PS II, but not directly the PS II reaction center. Heat stress additionally induces cleavage and aggregation of reaction center proteins and pigment-protein complexes, the mechanisms of such processes are as yet unclear. On the other hand, membrane-linked sensors seem to trigger the accumulation of compatible solutes like glycinebetaine in the neighborhood of PS II in thylakoid membranes. They also induce the expression of stress proteins that alleviate the ROS-mediated inhibition of stress damage repair of the photosynthetic machinery and are required for the acclimation process. In this chapter we summarize recent progress in the studies of molecular mechanisms involved during moderate heat stress on the photosynthetic machinery, especially in PS II and the CO2 assimilation system. We also examine joint effects of high temperature and other stress factors.


Heat Stress Thylakoid Membrane Heat Tolerance High Temperature Stress Cyclic Electron Flow 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Ascorbate peroxidase;

Chl –


D1/D2/Cyt b559

Isolated Photosystem II complex retaining the D1 D2 and cytochrome b 559 proteins;

DF –

Delayed fluorescence;

F –

(chlorophyll) Fluorescence;

Fo –

Basal (initial or minimal) (chlorophyll) fluorescence;


(chlorophyll) Fluorescence intensity at 30 ms;

Fv –

Variable (chlorophyll) fluorescence;


Maximum (chlorophyll) fluorescence;


Maximum measured (chlorophyll) fluorescence intensity; Fp=Fm only when all PS II reaction centers are closed;

HSPs –

Heat-shock proteins;

HSFs –

Heat-shock (transcription) factors;


Light-harvesting complex II;


Oxygen-evolving complex;


Photosystem II;

PS I –

Photosystem I;


Quantitative trait loci;


Reactive oxygen species;


Superoxide dismutase



We warmly thank Prof. V.V. Zinchenko for information on transcription factors in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, and Professors Govindjee and J. Eaton-Rye for many useful discussions. This work was supported, in part, by Grants from the Russian Foundation for Basic Research and from the Molecular and Cellular Biology Programs of the Russian Academy of Sciences to DAL, VVK and SIA, by a Grant-in-Aid for Creative Scientific Research (No. 17GS0314) from the Japanes Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) and by Scientific Research on Priority Areas “Comparative Genomics” (Nos: 17018022 and 18017016) from the Ministry of Education, Sports, Culture, Science, and Technology, Japan, to MM. PM acknowledges the support of Indian National Science Academy, Jawaharlal Nehru University and Department of Science and Technology of India and Russian Academy of Sciences (INT/ILTP/B-6.1 and 6.27). RC was supported by NSERC.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prasanna Mohanty
    • 1
    • 2
  • Vladimir D. Kreslavski
    • 3
  • Vyacheslav V. Klimov
    • 3
  • Dmitry A. Los
    • 4
  • Mamoru Mimuro
    • 5
  • Robert Carpentier
    • 6
  • Suleyman I. Allakhverdiev
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Regional Plant Resource CenterBhubaneswarIndia
  2. 2.Jawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Institute of Basic Biological ProblemsRussian Academy of SciencesPushchinoRussia
  4. 4.Institute of Plant PhysiologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  5. 5.Graduate School of Human and Environmental StudiesKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  6. 6.Groupe de Recherche en Biologie VégétaleUniversité du Québec à Trois-RivièresTrois-RivièresCanada

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