Congenital Malformations—Questions

  • Harold Kalter


It is remarkable that prenatal development so seldom goes awry and that babies born malformed are so few. But congenital malformations happen, and with the increasing control of many medical problems of the newborn they emerged into conspicuousness. It is this topic we turn to, asking what are malformations, what causes them, how often do they happen.


Congenital Malformation Neonatal Death Perinatal Death Rate Perinatal Death Prenatal Development 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.RockvilleUSA

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