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Legume Based Cropping and Soil Biodiversity Dynamics

Chapter

Abstract

The soil is home to an enormous diversity of organisms, many of which are beneficial, while a small and equally diverse proportion contains harmful organisms. Legume cropping and husbandry practices impact negatively or positively on diversity. These changes in biodiversity may be quantitative and/or qualitative. Sustainable management of diversity in soils involves an ecosystem approach which encourages the establishment of equilibria between the organisms in the soil. It is evident that the diversity of beneficial organisms in the soil can be harnessed to improve and sustain crop productivity with minimal external inputs. Legumes will continue to play a central role in the supply of plant nutrients and in the establishment of a self-regulating ecosystem which is based on a diverse range of organisms.

Keywords

Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Rhizobium Strain Plant Parasitic Nematode Nematode Community Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Species 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Land Resource Management and Agricultural TechnologyUniversity of NairobiNairobiKenya
  2. 2.Department of Plant Science and Crop ProtectionUniversity of NairobiNairobiKenya
  3. 3.Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), HeadquartersNairobiKenya
  4. 4.CIAT-Tropical Soil Biology and FertilityNairobiKenya

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