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Grass Biomethane for Agriculture and Energy

  • Nicholas E. KorresEmail author
  • T. Thamsiriroj
  • B. M. Smyth
  • A. S. Nizami
  • A. Singh
  • Jerry D. MurphyEmail author
Part of the Sustainable Agriculture Reviews book series (SARV, volume 7)

Abstract

Many factors enforce the intensification of grassland utilization which is associated with significant environmental impacts subjected to various legislative constraints. Nevertheless, the need for diversification in agricultural production and the sustainability in energy within the European Union have advanced the role of grassland as a renewable source of energy in grass biomethane production with various environmental and socio-economic benefits. Here it is underlined that the essential question whether the gaseous biofuel meets the EU sustainability criteria of 60% greenhouse gas emission savings by 2020 can be met since savings up to 89.4% under various scenarios can be achieved. Grass biomethane production is very promising compared to other liquid biofuels either when these are produced by indigenous or imported feedstocks. Grass biomethane, given the mature and well known technology in agronomy and anaerobic digestion sectors and the need for rural development and sustainable energy production, is an attractive solution that fulfils many legislative, agronomic and environmental requirements.

Keywords

Grass Grass silage Pasture management Anaerobic digestion Biofuels Biomethane Legislation Life cycle assessment 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are deeply indebted to the Irish Environmental Protection Agency for funding this study. They also acknowledge the suggestions and recommendations of the three anonymous reviewers and these of the chief editor which have improved the quality of this chapter greatly.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicholas E. Korres
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • T. Thamsiriroj
    • 1
    • 2
  • B. M. Smyth
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. S. Nizami
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. Singh
    • 3
  • Jerry D. Murphy
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity College CorkCorkIreland
  2. 2.Environmental Research InstituteUniversity College CorkCorkIreland
  3. 3.Quantitative Sustainability Assessment, Department of Management EngineeringTechnical University of DenmarkLyngbyDenmark

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