Advanced Global Strategy in China: The Case of Tsinghua

  • Rui YangEmail author
Part of the Higher Education Dynamics book series (HEDY, volume 36)


Higher education , as an integral part of China ’s nation building project, is critically important. China identifies building national strength through science and education as a strategic policy, and one way to achieve this goal is to have a higher education system of international stature. China is heavily investing in improving its best universities with the aim of making them world-class in the coming decades. Noting that a good understanding of how the flagship universities in China are reaching for the gold standard will benefit other university systems in the region, and using Tsinghua University as an example, this chapter examines the role of higher education in China ’s rise and how Chinese universities are responding to globalization and internationalization. It presents an analysis of the experience at a Chinese flagship university through an in-depth case study in an international context, helps highlight common problems and accomplishments, and suggests new ways of thinking.


Technology Transfer Academic Freedom Peking Union Medical College National Innovation System SSCI Publication 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Berdahl, R., Graham, J., & Piper, D. R. (1971). State coordination of higher education. Washington: American Council on Education.Google Scholar
  2. Boyer, E. L. (1990). Scholarship reconsidered: Priorities of the professoriate. Princeton: The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching.Google Scholar
  3. Cai, Y.-P. (1986). Cai Yuanpei Quanji (The complete works of Cai Yuanpei). Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company.Google Scholar
  4. Chen, X.-Z., & Li, Z.-Y. (2007). Strategies control in Chinese research universities: Current state, problems and their causes. [In Chinese]. Tsinghua Journal of Education, 28(2), 44–50.Google Scholar
  5. Cheng, J.-S. (2005). A statistical analysis of SSCI publications by major Chinese universities. [In Chinese]. University Educational Science, 92(4), 37–39.Google Scholar
  6. Corsten, H. (1987). Technology transfer from universities to small and medium-sized enterprises – An empirical survey from the standpoint of such enterprises. Technovation, 6(1), 57–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. de Moor, R. A. (1993). Academic freedom and university autonomy: Essentials and limitations in academic freedom and university autonomy. Paris: CEPES, UNESCO.Google Scholar
  8. Gao, Q. (1992). History of Chinese thoughts of higher education. [In Chinese]. Beijing: People’s Education Press.Google Scholar
  9. Geng, Y.-L. (2008). Some comparisons of key subjects among the universities under the Ministry of Education. [In Chinese]. China Electric Power Education, 13, 11–12.Google Scholar
  10. Graduate School of Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. (2008). Academic ranking of world universities. Accessed 24 Aug 2008.
  11. Green, M. F., & Hayward, F. M. (1997). Force for change. In M. F. Green (Ed.), Transforming higher education: Views from leaders around the world (pp. 1–27). Phoenix: Oryx.Google Scholar
  12. Gu, B.-L. (2004).Scientific research and technology transfer: Understandings and practices from Tsinghua. [In Chinese]. Journal of the National Academy of Education Administration, 5, 51–57.Google Scholar
  13. Gu, B.-L. (2008a). Speech at Tsinghua University 2007 year teaching and research prize-giving ceremony. Accessed 24 Aug 2008.
  14. Gu, B.-L. (2008b). Innovation: A way to success for the research university. [In Chinese]. Tsinghua Journal of Education, 29(1), 1–5.Google Scholar
  15. Hayhoe, R. (1996). China’s Universities, 1895–1995: A century of cultural conflicts. New York: Garland.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hu, P., Wang, Y., & Ma, J. (2006). Reflections on Tsinghua University’s international collaboration. [In Chinese]. Impact of Science on Society, 3, 12–16.Google Scholar
  17. Husen, T. (1994). The idea of the university: Changing roles, current crisis and future challenges. In T. Husen (Ed.), The role of the university: A global perspective (pp. 7–13). Tokyo: United Nations University.Google Scholar
  18. Jin, W. (2008). Another good year. Accessed 24 Aug 2008.
  19. Li, J.-Y., & Hu, R.-Y. (1998). Is science and technology advancement the key element to the transformation of economic growth pattern in China? [In Chinese]. Technoeconomics and Management Research, 39(2), 39–40.Google Scholar
  20. Li, S.-M. (2007). Research performance of higher education institutions in Beijing, Shanghai, Hong Kong and Taipei, 1994–2005: Analysis of SCI and SSCI data. [In Chinese]. Tsinghua Journal of Education, 28(2), 90–97.Google Scholar
  21. Liu, H., & Jiang, Y.-Z. (2001). Technology transfer from higher education institutions to industry in China: Nature and implications. Technovation, 21(3), 175–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Liyanage, S., & Mitchell, H. (1994). Strategic management of interactions at the academic-industry interface. Technovation, 14(10), 641–655.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Maassen, P., & van Vught, F. (1994). Alternative models of governmental steering in higher education: An analysis of steering models and policy-instruments in five countries. In L. Goedegebuure & F. van Vught (Eds.), Comparative policy studies in higher education (pp. 35–65). Utrecht: LEMMA.Google Scholar
  24. MacBryde, J. (1997). Commercialisation of university technology: A case in robotics. Technovation, 17(1), 39–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mei, M. (2004). Stressing innovation to run a first-class university science park. [In Chinese]. China Higher Education, 22, 21–22.Google Scholar
  26. Mian, S. A. (1994). US university-sponsored technology incubators: An overview of management, policies and performance. Technovation, 14(8), 525–528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ordorika, I. (2003). The limits of university autonomy: Power and politics at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Higher Education, 46(3), 361–388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Pan., S.-Y. (2007). Intertwining of academia and officialdom and university autonomy: Experience from Tsinghua University in China. Higher Education Policy, 20, 121–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Parker, D. D., & Zilberman, D. (1993). University technology transfer: Impacts on local and US economies. Contemporary Policy Issues, 11(2), 87–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Rogers, E. M., Hall, B. J., Hashimoto, M., Steffensen, M., et al. (1999). Technology transfer from university-based research centres: The University of New Mexico experience. Journal of Higher Education, 70(6), 687–705.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ross, H., Luo, Y., & Cen, Y.-H. (2008). Assessing Tsinghua University and US universities on learning process indicators: An approach of higher education quality. [In Chinese]. Tsinghua Journal of Education, 29(2), 36–42.Google Scholar
  32. Shi, J.-H. (2008). The basis and trend of undergraduate teaching in Chinese research universities. [In Chinese]. Modern University Education, 1, 62–68.Google Scholar
  33. Tunnermann, C. (1996). A new vision of higher education. Higher Education Policy, 9(1), 11–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Wang, D.-Z. (2002). Construction of university academic disciplines and the adjustment of programs: Some practices and experience. [In Chinese]. Chinese University Teaching, 11, 7–9.Google Scholar
  35. Wang, X.-Y., Yang, X.-H., & Wu, Y.-F. (2005). Analysis and reform on R&T of Tsinghua University published in recent years. [In Chinese]. R & D Management, 17(5), 135–139.Google Scholar
  36. Wu, M.-S. (2002). Teaching reforms at Tsinghua: Explorations and practices. [In Chinese]. Chinese University Teaching, 4, 16–19.Google Scholar
  37. Wu, Y.-S. (2007). SCI: A mirror to show the status quo of China’s science and technology developments. Accessed 24 Aug 2008.
  38. Xie, W.-H. (2006.) The construction and research of social sciences and the Humanities at Tsinghua: Retrospect and Reflections. Accessed 24 Aug 2008.
  39. Yang, G.-G. (2008, June 27). Tsinghua targets national strategic needs. [In Chinese].China Education Daily,p. 1.Google Scholar
  40. Zhou, X.-N. (2008). Tsinghua University 2007 Conference to award research and teaching achievements. Accessed 24 Aug 2008.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Comparative Education Research Centre, Faculty of EducationThe University of Hong KongHong KongChina

Personalised recommendations