Enhancing Global Competence in Higher Education: Malaysia’s Strategic Initiatives

Chapter
Part of the Higher Education Dynamics book series (HEDY, volume 36)

Abstract

This chapter outlines Malaysia ’s Strategic Plan which encompasses the dual aims of repositioning higher education for democratization of education for the masses and achieving excellence through strategic internationalization policies. Within the backdrop of increasing global competitiveness, interconnectedness and diversity, it traces higher education in Malaysia and presents critical issues in addressing global competitiveness in the areas of international education and the hub strategy and human capital development with reference to the level of English proficiency among Malaysian graduates and academic staff. It examines policy drivers of the Strategic Plan and analyses the overarching principles governing change in Malaysian higher education which has been strongly characterized by placing an emphasis on key performance indicators and the push for greater efficiency, transparency and accountability. The authors discuss key aspects of the Strategic Plan (2007–2010) that puts forward a number of transformation strategies that aim to reinvigorate Malaysian higher education.

Keywords

High Education International Student High Education Institution Academic Staff High Education System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Abu Bakar, M. Y., Hj Mokhtar, N. A., Jani, J., Zubairi, A. M., Othman, N., & Gan, A (Eds.). (2008). Enhancing the quality of higher education through research: Shaping future policy. Putra Jaya: Ministry of Higher Education.Google Scholar
  2. Altbach, P. G. (2007). Traditions and transition: The international imperative of higher education. Rotterdam: Centre for International Higher Education.Google Scholar
  3. Baker M. (2007, September 17). China’s bid for world domination. http://news.bbc.co.uk. Accessed 4 January 2008.
  4. Garlick, S. (2000). Engaging universities and regions: Knowledge contribution to regional economic development in Australia. Canberra: Department of Education, Training and Youth Affairs, Australia.Google Scholar
  5. Haji Ismail, A. R., & Musa, M. (2007). Sejarah Perkembangan dan Pembangunan Pendidikan Tinggi di Malaysia. In M. Zailan (Ed.), 50 Tahun Pembangunan Pendidikan Tinggi di Malaysi (50 years of higher education development in Malaysiat). Penang: Univesiti Sains Malaysia Press.Google Scholar
  6. Haji Sarudin, I., Zubairi, A. M., Nordi, M. S. & Omar, M. A. (2008). The English language proficiency of Malaysian public university students. In Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia (Ed.), Enhancing the quality of higher education through research: Shaping future policy (pp. 40–65). Putra Jaya: Ministry of Higher Education.Google Scholar
  7. Hanna, D.E. (2003, July/August). Building a leadership vision: Eleven strategic challenges for higher education. EDUCAUSE Review, 25–34. http://net.educause/edu/ir/library/pdf/ERM0341.pdf. Accessed 15 March 2008.Google Scholar
  8. Hawthorne, L. (2007, December 5–7). Demography, migration and international students. Paper presented at ASAIHL Leadership for Globalization in Higher Education: Lessons and Opportunity. Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Australia.Google Scholar
  9. Kaur, S, Sirat, M., & Azman, N. (2008). The scenario of globalization and internationalization of higher education in Malaysia. In S. Kaur, M. Sirat, & N. Azman (Eds.), Globalization and internationalization of higher education in Malaysia (pp. 3–21). Penang: IPPTN & Universiti Sains Malaysia Press.Google Scholar
  10. Kell, P., & Vogl, G. (2008). Studying in Australia: A quality experience? In M. Shuib, S. Kaur & R. Jamaludin (Eds.), Governance and leadership in higher education (pp. 328–345). Penang: IPPTN & Universiti Sains Malaysia Press.Google Scholar
  11. Knight, J. (2008). Internationalization of higher education in the 21st Century: Concepts, rationales, strategies and issues. In S. Kaur, M. Sirat, & N. Azman (Eds.), Globalization and internationalization of higher education in Malaysia (pp. 22–50). Penang: IPPTN & Universiti Sains Malaysia Press.Google Scholar
  12. Lee, M. N. N (2004). Restructuring higher education in Malaysia. Monograph Series No: 4/2002. School of Educational Studies. Penang: Universiti Sains Malaysia.Google Scholar
  13. Lee, H. H., & Gopinathan, S. (2001). Centralized decentralisation of higher education in Singapore. Education and Society, 19(3), 79–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lee, M. P., Setyo Budi, A., Zolkepli buang, Md., Nor, N., Khalid, H. N., & Nordin, M. R. (2008). University-community engagement in Malaysia: Practices and prospects. In M. Y. Abu Bakar, N. A. Hj Mokhtar, R. Jani, A. M. Zubairi, N. Othman, & A. Gan (Eds.) Enhancing the quality of higher education through research: Shaping future policy (pp. 160–192). Putra Jaya: Ministry of Higher Education.Google Scholar
  15. Maurrasse, D. L. (2001). Beyond the campus: How colleges and universities form partnerships. New York: Routledge Falmer.Google Scholar
  16. Ministry of Higher Education Report. (2006). Malaysian Strategic Plan for Higher Education Institutions. Putra Jaya: Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education.Google Scholar
  17. Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia. (2007a). Towards excellence: Report by the committee to study, review and make recommendations concerning the development and direction of higher education in Malaysia. Shah Alam: University Publication Centre, UPENA.Google Scholar
  18. Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia. (2007b). The National Higher Education Action Plan (2007–2010). Putra Jaya: Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education.Google Scholar
  19. Ministry of Higher Education. (2008). Statistics. http://www.mohe.gov.my. Accessed 12 September 2008.
  20. Mohamad, N., Jantan, M., Omar, A., Mohamad, O., Abdullah, A. G. G., & Mat Isa, N. (2008). Internationalization and international linkages: The state of Malaysian higher education institutions. In M. Y. Abu Bakar, N. A. Hj Mokhtar, R. Jani, A. M. Zubairi, N. Othman, & A. Gan (Eds.), Enhancing the quality of higher education through research: Shaping future policy (pp. 160–192). Putra Jaya: Ministry of Higher Education.Google Scholar
  21. Mohd. Don, Z., Knowles, G., Pillai, S., Harun, N., Rohany, H., Manueli, M. K., Govindasamy, S. Khan, M. H., Mustapha, J., & Nambiar, M. (2008). English language test for academic staff. In M. Y. Abu Bakar, N. A. Hj Mokhtar, R. Jani, A. M. Zubairi, N. Othman, & A. Gan (Eds.), Enhancing the quality of higher education through research: Shaping future policy (pp. 9–39). Putra Jaya: Ministry of Higher Education.Google Scholar
  22. Mok, K. H. (2008). Singapore’s global education hub ambitions. International Journal of Educational Management, 22(6), 527–546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Naidoo, R. (2007). Higher education as a global commodity. The perils and promises for developing countries. The Observatory on Borderless Higher Education (OBHE). http://www.obhe.ac.uk. Accessed 12 April 2007.
  24. Ruben, B. D. (2004). Pursuing excellence in higher education: Eight fundamental challenges. San Francisco: John Wiley.Google Scholar
  25. The Observatory on Borderless Higher Education (OBHE). (2004, November). Malaysia to offer foreign universities greater incentives to open branch campuses, but why has no new branch campus opened since 2009? http://www.obhe.ac.uk. Accessed 16 November 2008
  26. The Observatory on Borderless Higher Education (OBHE). (2008, February). Model for success? Malaysia’s recent initiatives to enhance the international competitiveness of its higher education system. http://www.obhe.ac.uk. Accessed 15 January 2009.
  27. The Observatory on Borderless Higher Education (OBHE). (2009, March). Courting the dragon? Malaysia’s efforts to attract universities from China and Hong Kong. http://www.obhe.ac.uk. Accessed 21 March 2009.
  28. The Star. (2008, August 31). Unfilled vacancies.Education Supplement, p. 5.Google Scholar
  29. Sirat, M., Pandian, A. Muniandy, B., Mohamed Sultan, F. M., Haron, H. A., Azman, H., Kabilan, M. K., & Abdul Razak, R. R. (2008). The university curriculum and employment of graduates. In M. Y. Abu Bakar, N. A. Hj Mokhtar, R. Jani, A. M. Zubairi, N. Othman, & A. Gan (Eds.), Enhancing the quality of higher education through research: Shaping future policy (pp. 9–39). Putra Jaya: Ministry of Higher Education.Google Scholar
  30. Spanier, G. (2007, September 12). Internationalizing today’s universities. Observatory on Borderless Higher Education. http://www.obhe.ac.uk. Accessed 29 October 2007.
  31. Verbik, L., & Lasanowski, V. (2007). International student mobility: Patterns and trends. London: The Observatory on Borderless Higher Education (OBHE). http://www.obhe.ac.uk. Accessed 12 Feb 2008.
  32. Wan, C. D., Kaur, S., & Sirat, M. (2008a, January 15). China’s higher education (Part 1): Potentials and implications to Malaysia. Updates on Global Higher Education, (23). Penang: IPPTN, Universiti Sains Malaysia.Google Scholar
  33. Wan, C. D., Kaur, S., & Jantan, M. (2008b, April 30). Higher education: Middle East (Part 1) -Overview, Saudi Arabia and Qatar. Updates on Global Higher Education,(30). Penang: IPPTN, Universiti Sains Malaysia.Google Scholar
  34. The World Bank Report. (2007, March). Malaysia and the knowledge economy: Building a world-class higher education system. Putra Jaya: The Economic Planning Unit Prime Minister’s Department.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EducationUniversiti Teknologi MARAShah AlamMalaysia
  2. 2.School of HumanitiesUniversiti Sains MalaysiaPenangMalaysia

Personalised recommendations