Probability of Capsizing in Beam Seas with Piecewise Linear Stochastic GZ Curve

  • Vadim Belenky
  • Arthur M. Reed
  • Kenneth M. Weems
Part of the Fluid Mechanics and Its Applications book series (FMIA, volume 97)


The probability of capsizing for a dynamical system with time-varying piecewise linear stiffness is presented. The simplest case is considered, in which only the angle of the maximum of the restoring curve is changing. These changes are assumed to be dependent on wave excitation; such a system can be considered as a primitive model of a ship in beam seas, where all changes in stability are caused by heave motions. A split-time approach is used, in which capsizing is considered as a sequence of two random events: upcrossing through a certain threshold (non14 rare problem) and capsizing after upcrossing (rare problem). To reflect the time15 varying stability, a critical roll rate is introduced as a stochastic process defined at any instant of time. Capsizing is then associated with an upcrossing when the instantaneous roll rate exceeds the critical roll rate defined for the instant of upcrossing. A self-consistency check of the method, in which a statistical frequency of capsizing was obtained by time-domain evaluation of the response of the piecewise linear dynamical system and favorably compared with the theoretical prediction is described.


Piecewise Linear Roll Angle Roll Motion Calm Water Roll Rate 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vadim Belenky
    • 1
  • Arthur M. Reed
    • 1
  • Kenneth M. Weems
    • 2
  1. 1.Naval Surface Warfare Center Carderock Division (NSWCCD) - David Taylor Model BasinWest BethesdaUSA
  2. 2.Science Application International Corporation (SAIC)BowieUSA

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