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Hydrological Processes

  • Sergey M. GovorushkoEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Hydrology is the science that examines natural waters, and the phenomena and processes that occur in them. In principle, it is impossible for some natural processes to proceed without the participation of water. In this book, those processes in which water is especially important are categorized as hydrological processes. Among them are the following: (1) processes that take place directly in the water column, within the ordinary boundaries of water bodies (currents, upwelling, internal waves, seiches, etc.); (2) processes in which the major effects are related to the spreading of water from the ordinary confines of a water body to territories adjacent to it (river floods, wind-induced surges, changes in the levels of closed lakes, tides); and (3) processes that occur on the surfaces of land or water, primarily related to water in the solid state (icebergs, sea or river ices, glaciers, ice jams, etc.). Many of the listed processes can not be completely attributed to any one of the listed categories (for example, wind-generated waves influence human activities within the ordinary confines of water bodies as well as when they spread to land). Nonetheless, in spite of some conditionality, consideration of the category of hydrological processes is worthwhile.

Keywords

Internal Wave River Flood Rock Glacier Mineral Resource Industry Glacier Outburst Flood 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pacific Geographical InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussia

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