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Meteorological Processes

  • Sergey M. GovorushkoEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Meteorological processes are those processes that take place in the Earth’s atmosphere. The lower part of the atmosphere (troposphere), with thicknesses of 8–18 km, is of primary importance. Essentially, the sole energy source for meteorological processes is solar radiation. The existence of climatic zones and formation of different situations that determine weather conditions are caused by an uneven influx of solar energy to the Earth’s surface. The nonuniformity of radiation conditions is largely related to the astronomic factors (variations of the Sun’s luminosity, variations of the Earth’s orbit elements, and other parameters) and local physico-geographical conditions (orography, distribution of land and sea, relief of underlying surfaces, and other conditions).

Keywords

Meteorology Meteorological processes Rates Origins Human activity Economic loss Mortality 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pacific Geographical InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussia

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