Mining and Mineral Processing

Chapter

Abstract

Development of deposits of useful minerals involves a system of organizational-engineering measures for extracting minerals from the Earth’s interior. Deposits of commercial minerals are accumulations of mineral substances at the Earth’s surface or interior that are suitable for industrial development in their amounts, quality, and mode of occurrence. Mining can be considered to be the oldest branch of human activity, next to agriculture, which is somewhat older. The dependence of early societies on mined products is clearly demonstrated by the names of epochs: Stone Age, Bronze Age, and Iron Age. Deposits of commercial minerals are sharply differentiated in types of mineral raw materials. They include deposits of ore minerals (ferrous and non-ferrous metals) and deposits of rock products, which are divided into deposits of fossil fuels (solid–coals and combustible shale, and liquid–oil and gas) and non-combustible deposits (salts, building materials, etc.). The effects of the mining industry on the environment begin in the course of exploration and appraisal and preparation of the deposit for mining operations, and they continue over the whole period of its development and, not infrequently, for many years after mining operations are discontinued.

Keywords

Underground Water Rock Burst Opencast Mining Placer Deposit Donets Basin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pacific Geographical InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussia

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