Geological Processes

  • Sergey M. GovorushkoEmail author


Geological processes largely originate in the Earth’s interior. They are caused by gravitative differentiation, forces that arise in the course of Earth’s rotation, radioactive decay, and so on. These diverse processes differ in rate, thickness of the affected mass, and scale. The energy sources for different geological processes are internal forces that operate in the Earth’s crust and mantle (earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and tsunamis) and physical, chemical, and phase transformations that take place in the interior of the Earth (cryogenic processes, karst phenomena, swelling and shrinkage, subsidence, and so on). Geological processes are of primary importance in the creation of surface relief. The significance of different geological processes for human activities is characterized by strong differences. Seismic processes (earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and tsunamis) are of primary importance.


Geological processes Rate of process Geological conditions Geological mechanisms Human activity Economic loss Mortality 


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pacific Geographical InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussia

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