Women’s Employment in Post-Socialist Poland: A Barrier or a Pre-condition to Childbearing?

  • Anna Matysiak
Part of the European Studies of Population book series (ESPO, volume 17)


Interdependencies between fertility and women’s employment in post-socialist countries are largely unexplored. In fact, in our meta-study presented in Chapter 5 we located only two empirical studies that employed longitudinal perspective to investigate the micro-level relationship between the two variables. These two studies provide evidence contrary to what was found for Western Europe. Even though the institutional, structural, and cultural incompatibilities between childbearing and women’s labour supply in CEE are exceptionally strong, the micro-level relationship between the two variables is not significantly negative. One reason for this state of affairs can be that we simply located too few studies for post-socialist countries and that the other would yield strongly negative effect sizes. Another explanation is that there are some other country-specific factors despite the incompatibilities between work and care that affect women’s fertility and employment decisions and these factors play a particularly important role in the CEE setting.


Labour Force Participation Parental Leave Maternity Leave Female Labour Force Participation Labour Market Entry 
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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Warsaw School of EconomicsInstitute of Statistics and DemographyWarsawPoland

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