Discussion and Conclusions

  • B. T. Fijalkowski
Part of the Intelligent Systems, Control and Automation: Science and Engineering book series (ISCA, volume 52)


Steering is realised by swivelling the vehicle’s front wheels about an approximately vertical axis, controlled by a linkage from the driver’s steering control input device – conventionally, a steering wheel – although other attitudes are realisable. Although RWS automotive vehicles exist for special purposes (fork-lift cars being the prevalent example), they are intrinsically unstable, necessitate particular driver skills, and may be safely functioned only at low values of vehicle velocity. It may be beneficial to steer all four wheels with the front wheel contribution prevalent, but FWS is adequate for all normal road-going functions.


Steering System Vehicle System Dynamics Vehicle Handling Electric Power Steering Technical Paper Series 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringCracow University of TechnologyKrakowPoland

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