Cognitive Architecture

Chapter

Abstract

A number of researchers have reported that students with reading difficulties appear to have memory deficits that impact on their ability to effectively comprehend text. For example, it has been observed that many students with reading comprehension difficulties exhibit poor organisational skills and do not spontaneously use effective cognitive strategies to facilitate memory storage and recall. Recent conceptualisations of memory have given impetus to the notion that reading comprehension is an interactive process that requires readers to actively construct meaningful representations of text information. Normally readers are required to perform a range of quite complex cognitive tasks to comprehend written text. What is certain is that the efficiency of reading comprehension is largely shaped by the way in which memory is structured; information is organised; and how information is encoded and linked. For example, information processing normally requires the reader to monitor and use executive functions to apply compensatory comprehension strategies, when necessary, in order to maintain meaning during reading. Although reading is a dynamic thinking process there are a number of functional limitations that can cause difficulties for many readers.

Keywords

Reading Comprehension Semantic Memory Learning Style Mental Imagery Semantic Network 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Education and Professional StudiesGriffith UniversityBrisbaneAustralia

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