• O. S. Miettinen


The term ‘epidemiological research’ tends to be used, at present, in reference to any research that addresses the rate of occurrence of a phenomenon of ‘health’ in a human population. There is little or no concern to distinguish between clinical research (ultimately on rate-based probabilities, in reference to individuals) and genuinely epidemiological research (on rates per se, concerning populations). No-one seems to ask, for example, whether research in ‘pharmaco-epidemiology’ actually is epidemiological or, instead, clinical. And the term also is applied to inquiries that are not research at all. At issue may be mere fact-finding (about rates), especially fact-finding that is part of epidemiological practice (of community medicine); and the phenomena being addressed may be ones of healthcare rather than of health.


Preventive Medicine Epidemiological Research Community Medicine Prevalence Survey Therapeutic Clinical Trial 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.McGill University, Cornell UniversityMontrealCanada

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