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Applications: High-Performance Materials and Emerging Areas

  • Mark Hersam
  • Paul S. Weiss
Chapter
Part of the Science Policy Reports book series (SCIPOLICY, volume 1)

Abstract

The field encompassed by the term “nanomaterials” has changed dramatically over the past 10 years. While it was useful in 2000 to describe nanomaterials on the sole basis of our ability to understand and to control matter at the nanoscale where material properties possess a distinct size-dependence, the field has now grown well beyond that earlier definition. For example, it is evident in 2010 that additional factors beyond constituent nanoparticles (e.g., high surface/interface area, proximity, and novel chemical, physical, and/or biological moieties) are also playing major roles. New work envisioned at the turn of the twenty-first century [1, 2] on organic-inorganic composite materials, multifunctional materials, self-healing materials, and nanoscale sensors has become a reality in the past 10 years, while exploratory ideas about bio-abiotic heterogeneous systems, information-nano-bio integration, ­electronic-neural interfaces, and nano-information-biological-cognitive systems [3] have received increased recognition in the scientific community and funding programs.

Keywords

Nanocomposite Nanofibers Metamaterials Carbon nanotubes Nanomanufacturing Combinatorial Separation Purification Aeronautics Nanofluidics Nanostructured polymers Wood products International perspective 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringNorthwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA
  2. 2.California NanoSystems InstituteUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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