Forest Landscapes in Europe – Visual Characteristics and the Role of Arboriculture

  • Eva Ritter
Part of the World Forests book series (WFSE, volume 9)


The relationship of people to landscapes is not exclusively defined by cultural and social links. It is also related to the visual perception of a place and the appreciation of certain landscape characteristics. Vegetation patterns in landscapes are affected not only by climatic and environmental conditions but also by the cultural impact of land use and the management of trees and forests.

This chapter explores the visual characteristics of forest landscapes based on the concept of visual scale and the concept of complexity. The development of these landscapes is linked to the influence of arboricultural activities. The aim is not to evaluate landscapes but to describe typical distribution patterns of forests and other wooden landscape elements. It is discussed how landscapes change parallel with a change in land use and how landscape planning has to take people’s perception and their relation to landscapes into account.


Forest Cover Forest Patch Forest Landscape Landscape Metrics Landscape Element 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V.  2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringAalborg UniversityAalborgDenmark

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