NIMH Emergency Response System in Case of Nuclear Accident

  • D. Syrakov
  • M. Prodanova
  • K. Slavov
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NAIV, volume 30)


Experiences have shown that industrial accidents causing a release of harmful (chemical or nuclear) material to the atmosphere can have consequences extending to hundreds and even thousands of kilometers. Obviously, in this case it is very important to receive the information about the possible long-range transport of pollution over the country. The radioactivity monitoring systems are particularly useful, but they just specify whether there is a raise in the radioactivity levels, i.e. they give warnings when the pollutant is already over the country. That is why computer-based Emergency Response Systems (ERS) has been established in many countries for application in emergency management by simulating and predicting the release distribution.


Atmospheric Boundary Layer Dispersion Model Meteorological Information Boundary Layer Meteorology Emergency Response System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    BC-EMEP (1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998) Bulgarian contribution to EMEP, Annual reports for 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997,1998, NIMH, EMEP/MSC-E, Sofia-Moscow.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gussev, A., Ilyin, I., Peterson, G., van Pul, A. and Syrakov, D. (2000) Long-range transport model intercomparison studies. EMEP/MSC-E Technical Note 2/2000, Moscow.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Djolov, G., Yordanov D. and Syrakov, D. (1987) Modelling the long range transport of air pollutants with atmospheric boundary layer chemistry, Boundary Layer Meteorology 41, 407–416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mosca, S., Graziani, G., Klug, W., Bellasio, R. and Biankoni, R. (1997) ATMES-II - Evaluation of Long-range Dispersion Models using 1st ETEX release data, Volume 1, JRC-Ispra, Environmental Institute, pp. 25, 49–52, 49–52.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Syrakov, D. (1995) On a PC-oriented Eulerian Multi-Level Model for Long-Term Calculations of the Regional Sulphur Deposition, in Gryning S.E. and Schiermeier F.A. (eds), Air Pollution Modelling and its Application XI 21, Plenum Press, N.Y. and London, pp. 645–646.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Syrakov, D. (1996) On the TRAP advection scheme - description, tests and applications, in Geernaert G., A.Walloe-Hansen and Z.Zlatev (eds.), Regional Modelling of Air Pollution in Europe, National Environmental Research Institute, Denmark, pp. 141–152.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Syrakov, D. and Galperin, M. (1997a) A Model for Airborne Poli-Dispersive Particle Transport and Deposition, in: Proceedings of the 22nd NATO/CCMS International Technical Meeting on Air Pollution Modelling and its Application, June 2–6, 1997, Clermont-Ferrand, France, pp. 2–6.Google Scholar
  8. Syrakov, D. and Galperin, M. (1997) On a new Bott-type advection scheme and its further improvement, in H. Hass and I.J. Ackermann (eds.), Proc. of the first GLOREAM Workshop, Aachen, Germany, September 1997, Ford Forschungszentrum Aachen, pp. 103–109.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Syrakov, D., Djolov, D. and Yordanov, D. (1983) Incorporation of planetary boundary layer dynamics in a numerical model of long-range air pollution transport, Boundary Layer Meteorology 26, 1–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Syrakov, D. and Prodanova, M. (1994) European Tracer Experiment and Bulgarian Participation in its Dry Runs, Bulgarian Journal of Meteorology & Hydrology 5, 26–48.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Syrakov, D. and Prodanova, M. (1998a) Bulgarian Emergency Response Models - Validation against ETEX First Release, Atmospheric Environment 32, 4367–4375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Syrakov, D. and Prodanova, M. (1998b) Simulation of the ETEX first release by Bulgarian emergency response models, in Gryning S.-E. and E. Batchvarova (eds.), Air Pollution Modeling and Its Application XIII, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, pp. 281–290.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Syrakov, D. and Yordanov, D. (1997) Parameterization of SL Diffusion Processes Accounting for Surface Source Action, Proc. of 22nd NATO/CCMS International Technical Meeting on Air Pollution Modelling and its Application, 2–6 June 1997, Clermont-Ferrand, France, 2–6.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Yordanov, D., Syrakov, D. and Djolov, D. (1983) A barotropic planetary boundary layer, Boundary Layer Meteorology 25, 363–373.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Syrakov
    • 1
  • M. Prodanova
    • 1
  • K. Slavov
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology (NIMH)SofiaBulgaria

Personalised recommendations