Cardiovascular considerations of pediatric ESRD

  • U. Querfeld


Renal replacement therapy in the form of hemodialysis (HD), peritoneal dialysis (PD), and transplantation (TX) is now available for children of all ages and adolescents with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in most countries of the western world. While these advances in therapy have been a blessing for many families, permitting survival of children affected by ESRD into adulthood, the long-term prognosis of young adult patients is guarded by the fact that mortality from cardiac disease (in the age group of 25-34 years) is excessively high, resembling the cardiac mortality of elderly patients (75 years and older) in the general population1. This chapter focuses on risk factors for this epidemic and their possible prevention in patients with ESRD, especially those treated with PD.


Peritoneal Dialysis Coronary Artery Calcification Dialysis Patient Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Peritoneal Dialysis Patient 
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  • U. Querfeld

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