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The Design, Characterization and Use of Molecules in Molecular Devices

  • David L. Allara
  • Christine L. Mcguiness
  • Robert M. Metzger
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NAII, volume 139)

Abstract

Since the first proposals of using organic molecules to perform electronic operations [1], [2], there have been many efforts to synthesize molecules and construct devices. The types of devices proposed have ranged from simple wires to diodes and switches and the quest to make them has been driven by the promise of an entire new set of capabilities for computing and logic. Given the huge structure variations of organic molecules, synthetic chemistry should offer the ability to fine tune the molecules for optimum device performance. In order to attach the molecules to electrodes, well established methods such as Langmuir-Blodgett film formation and surface self- assembly could be applied. Finally, in principle, one could construct devices down to the single molecule level, offering unprecedented integrated circuit densities with nanometer scale features. This aspect has been frequently promoted as one solution to problems of continually extending “Moore’s Law” [3], which states that since the mid 1960's, processor chip density has doubled, at first every two years and now, about every 18 months. [4]

Keywords

Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Self Assemble Monolayer Aromatic Molecule Negative Differential Resistance Molecular Electronic Device 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • David L. Allara
    • 1
  • Christine L. Mcguiness
    • 1
  • Robert M. Metzger
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and the Materials Research InstituteThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  2. 2.Laboratory for Molecular Electronics, Department of ChemistryThe University of AlabamaTuscaloosaUSA

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