Trafficking in Human Beings: An International Perspective
Migration, both legal and illegal, impacts upon every nation in the world. Forms of irregular migration include human smuggling and trafficking. As serious as this world-wide problem has become - experts in government agencies and international NGOs estimate the number of women and children trafficked internationally at between 700,000 and 4 million annually (U.S. Department of State, 2002) — many countries lack trafficking legislation. In other countries where legislation exists, it is only the act of forced prostitution or sexual exploitation which constitutes trafficking offences, disregarding acts of forced labour or slavery-like practices. Government officials in a position to assist victims reject the idea of their victimisation and often view trafficked persons as illegal migrants, subjecting them to arrest and deportation.
KeywordsOrganize Crime Sexual Exploitation Human Trafficking Destination Country Criminal Organisation
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