Counseling: Directive and Nondirective
“Nondirectiveness” has long been the preferred approach in genetic counseling in the US, Canada, the UK, and other nations influenced by English/American medical traditions. Genetic counseling, a term coined by the American, Sheldon Reed, in 1947 to replace the earlier “genetic hygiene” or “genetic advice,” began in the shadow of the Eugenics Movement and of World War II (Reed, 1947). Its founders sought to distinguish it from earlier, more directive forms of interaction in order to avoid accusations of possible coercion.
KeywordsCystic Fibrosis Primary Care Physician Alzheimer Disease Sickle Cell Anemia Prenatal Diagnosis
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.