From Water Scarcity to Water Security in the Maghreb Region: The Moroccan Case
The Maghreb region covers an area of 5 countries (Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya) with different water situations. Each country has individual water resources characteristics and water management history. Nevertheless, three of them, namely Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia, share a number of similarities that constitute a good basis for a generalisation using Morocco as a case study as in this paper. Indeed, water scarcity is becoming a serious challenge affecting development in these countries. Population growth and urbanisation, industrialisation and tourism, decreasing precipitation and higher frequency of droughts increase the pressure on the resources. Present water use patterns and withdrawals are not sustainable. Thus, the three countries have no choice. They must make a decisive break from past policies and management practices to embrace a holistic water sector approach that is economically, socially and environmentally sustainable.
KeywordsWater Resource Water Scarcity Integrate Water Resource Management Virtual Water Water Price
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