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Detection of Explosives

  • Hiltmar Schubert
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NAII, volume 138)

Abstract

Since the development of modern analysis supported by electronic means several different methods are available for detection of explosives, which have been improved within the last decades with regard to precision, reliability, quickness and minimum test sample volume. These developments enable us to analyse substances very quickly - in some cases also on-line. The question is, which methods are suitable for application in the field under conditions of mine- and/or terrorist bomb detection. The importance of “Humanitarian Demining” in the last decades aiming at removing millions of landmines in the third world initiated research and development in the industrial countries. National and international programs were started and institutions were founded to solve one of the largest problems of our days. Non-government organisations, the “NGOs” have done an outstanding work in demining. But up to now, the deminers are working with relatively simple devices with very low frequencies and efficiency: Prodding, Dogs and Metal Detection.

Keywords

Energetic Material Explosive Charge Explosive Material Black Book Sophisticated Device 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Literature

  1. 1.
    S. Zeman et M. Hanus “Improvised Explosives and their Abuse for Bomb Attacks” NATO ARW Proceedings, Prague, 1997, “Explosives Detection and Decontamination of the Environment”, published by University of Pardubice (Czech Republic), Explosive Holding, PragueGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Carl E. Baum “Detection and Identification of Visually Obscured Targets” Braun-Brumfield, Ann Arbor, Mi 1998, ISBN 1-56032-533-X (case)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hiltmar Schubert et Andrey Kuznetsov (Editors) “Detection of Explosive and Landmines” Proceedings, NATO ARW St. Petersburg, NATO Science Series II Vol. 66 Kluwe Academic Publishers 2001, ISBN 1-4020-0692-6 (HB) / ISBN 1-4020-0693-4 (PB)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    NATO ARW “Advanced Research and Technologies for Detection and Destruction” Of Burried/Hidden, Anti Personal Landmines, Moscow, 1997 (not published)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    International Symposium on Analysis and Detection of Explosives (ISADE) 1st – 7th (1983 – 2001) - every 3 yearsGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiltmar Schubert
    • 1
  1. 1.Fraunhofer-lnstitut für Chemische Technologie (ICT)PfinztalGermany

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