Towards Centralization and Decentralization in Educational Development in China: The Case of Shanghai

  • Lun King Ngok
  • Kin Keung Chan David
Part of the CERC Studies in Comparative Education book series (CERC, volume 13)


Rapid and significant changes are taking place in educational sectors across the world partly in response to the effects of economic globalization. Decentralization and marketization have been adopted as popular response strategies in educational policy by various governments ([Bray 1999]). Indeed, decentralization and marketization of education have now emerged as a global trend, under which almost all facets of education from financing and provision to curriculum development and governance, have been re-oriented and re-shaped ([Currie & Newson 1998]; [Spring 1998]; [Taylor, Rizvi, Lingard & Henry 1997]).


Central Government Municipal Government Educational Development High Educational Institution Fiscal Decentralization 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lun King Ngok
  • Kin Keung Chan David

There are no affiliations available

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