Cycle Study as the Basis of Adaptive Urbanism

  • Jeff Kon-Chung Ho


Our cities grow very fast and hence societies become increasingly arbitrary, interchangeble and contingent. The changes on even the cycles in our societies, e.g. economic, product and development cycles, etc. become quicker and shorter. It is getting more difficult to predict the trends and therefore to foresee our future. Planning our cities is about control—to frame our cities to some extent and direct the development directions or themes. However, perfect control has never been achieved in human history , and hence urban planning becomes a dilemma between the belief of stability and instability.


Urban Form Time Time Local Force Planning Criterion Nature Nature 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.JLF Urban ResearchHong-KongChina

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