Analysis of Labour Migration Flows in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam

  • Huynh Truong Huy
  • Le Nguyen Doan Khoi
Part of the Advances in Global Change Research book series (AGLO, volume 45)


Migration occurs as a response to economic development as well as to social, cultural, and environmental causes. This chapter explores migration patterns in the Mekong Delta (MD) region of Vietnam by using information in the Vietnam Household Living Standard Surveys for 2004 and 2006. The main purposes of the chapter are: (1) to gain insight into migration flows in the Mekong Delta region and (2) to identify the determinants of the migration flows regarding commune-related variables. From the description and the multivariate analysis, there are several interesting findings. First, the number of migrants in the Mekong Delta region has been increasing in recent years, and their destinations are the leading industrial and commercial cities in Vietnam, including Ho Chi Minh and Binh Duong. Second, “push” factors such as poverty and challenges in farm production are the key causes of migration flows. In addition, policy makers should take advantage of economic development programs as an adjustment tool in migration matters.


Migration Migrant Origin Destination 



Foreign Direct Investment


Vietnam General Statistical Office


Mekong Delta


Nongovernmental Organizations


Interquartile Range


United Nations Development Program


Vietnam Household Living Standard Survey


Variance Inflation Factor



We have learned a great deal from Prof. Walter Nonneman of the Faculty of Economics, Antwerp University, who gave us technical advice. In addition, we gratefully acknowledge the many participants at the conference “Environmental Change, Agricultural Sustainability, and Economic Development in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam,” held on 25–27 March 2010 at Can Tho University, Vietnam, who gave us valuable ideas for this chapter. Finally, many thanks are sent to the editors for their kind comments.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Economics and Business AdministrationCan Tho UniversityCan Tho CityVietnam

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