Hering’s four-color theory Zone theories

  • Robert A. Crone


Young, Maxwell and Helmholtz thought that the sensation of white was produced by stimulation of three color receptors. Goethe, on the other hand, adopted the old idea of essential white. The ‘primordial phenomenon’ created the contrasting polar colors yellow and blue from original white.


Color Vision Color Theory Main Color Zone Theory Polar Color 
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  1. 1:.
    Griisser, 1984.Google Scholar
  2. 2:.
    Grassmann, 1877, p. 213.Google Scholar
  3. 3:.
    Hering, 1880, p. 19.Google Scholar
  4. 4:.
    Hering, 1880, 1885.Google Scholar
  5. 5:.
    Helmholtz, 1896, p. 376–382.Google Scholar
  6. 6:.
    ibidem, p. 458.Google Scholar
  7. 7:.
    ibidem, p. 344.Google Scholar
  8. 8:.
    Hering, 1874.Google Scholar
  9. 9:.
    cit. Parsons, 1924, p. .268.Google Scholar
  10. 10:.
    cit. Kaiser and Boynton, 1996, p. 24.Google Scholar
  11. 11:.
    Donders, 1884, p. 39.Google Scholar

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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

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  • Robert A. Crone

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