Attending school dominates the lives of most children around the world. Much evidence indicates that their specific schooling experiences vary considerably from country to country. There is evidence that they even vary among schools and among classrooms in the same country. However, within this variety there are parts of the school setting so common as to be virtually universal. Textbooks are one such element. Perhaps only students and teachers themselves are a more ubiquitous element of schooling than textbooks. As such a central facet of schooling, understanding textbooks is essential to understanding the learning opportunities provided in educational systems around the world.
KeywordsEducational System Educational Opportunity School Subject Content Standard Pedagogical Situation
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