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The Relationship of Acute Transient Psychoses and Schizophrenia

  • Augusto CastagniniEmail author
  • German E. Berrios
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter deals with the historical, clinical and nosographic aspects of the acute transient psychoses and discusses the implications arising from the introduction in current classifications of diagnostic categories such as ICD-10 “Acute and transient psychotic disorder” (ATPD) and DSM-IV-TR “Brief psychotic disorder”. The first part focuses on earlier concepts of European psychiatry such as bouffée délirante, cycloid psychosis and the reactive and schizophreniform psychoses, and examines the process whereby they were incorporated into ATPD. The second part reports empirical data on ATPD pointing out differences from schizophrenia in terms of epidemiology, clinical features, course and outcome.

Keywords

Acute transient psychosis Bouffée délirante Cycloid psychosis Psychiatric classification Reactive psychosis Schizophreniform psychosis 

Abbreviations

ADPD

Acute predominantly delusional psychotic disorder

APPD

Acute polymorphic psychotic disorder

ASPD

Acute schizophrenia-like psychotic disorder

ATPD

Acute and transient psychotic disorders

BD

Bouffée délirante

BPD

Brief psychotic disorder

CP

Cycloid psychosis

DSM

Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders

FRS

Schneider’s first-rank symptoms

ICD-8

International classification of diseases, Eighth Revision

ICD-9

International classification of diseases, Ninth Revision

ICD-10

International classification of diseases, Tenth Revision

NARP

Non-affective acute remitting psychosis

RP

Psychogenic or reactive psychosis

SFD

Schizophreniform disorder

WHO

World Health Organization

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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