The many-sided figure of Vasilii Malinovskii reflects to a significant degree the striving for universality typical of the eighteenth century. During the three decades in which he developed his activity, he consistently attempted to cover a number of crucial problems engaging conservative and progressive forces in Russia and Europe. In his work criticism of warfare and of imperialistic policies in Europe, attacks on absolutism and feudal institutions in Russia and pleas for the elimination of national, class, religious, and gender prejudices were significantly combined. His work fully deserves the attention of students of Russian cultural history, particularly when considered in the context of a period characterized by a relative scarcity of equally representative figures.
KeywordsPrivate Nature Gender Prejudice Present Book Imperialistic Policy Progressive Force
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- 1.“Peace ‘propagates wealth and justice, which constitute the prosperity of nations’, a peace which is ‘just a respite from wars is not worthy of the name’, peace implies ‘general counsel’. This is written almost 200 years ago by Vasili Fedorovich Malinovski — the Dean of the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum in which the great Pushkin was educated” (Soviet Weekly, June 13, 1991, p. 8).Google Scholar
- 2.Malinovskii’s work is never mentioned among the sources indicated as those used by Tolstoi for his War and Peace. He certainly used the book of a former student of the Tsarskoe Sclo Lycée, M. Korfs Zhizn’ grafa Speranskogo (Spb., 1861), in particular for the portrayal of Speranskii (see V.B. Shklovskii, Mater’ial i stil’ v romane L’va Tolstova ‘Voina i mir’ (Moskva, 1928), pp. 248–249, pp. 57-58). For Tolstoy’s sources, see also B.M. Eikhenbaum, Lev Tolstoi (Leningrad, 1928).Google Scholar