Quito’s Climate Change Strategy: A Response to Climate Change in the Metropolitan District of Quito, Ecuador

  • Carolina Zambrano-BarragánEmail author
  • Othon Zevallos
  • Marcos Villacís
  • Diego Enríquez
Conference paper
Part of the Local Sustainability book series (LOCAL, volume 1)


Climate change is one of the most challenging social, environmental and economic issues Ecuador and its capital, the Metropolitan District of Quito, are facing. It is estimated that in the last 100 years, the average temperature in Quito increased by 1.2–1.4°C, causing significant change in weather patterns and directly and indirectly impacting ecosystems, infrastructure, water availability, human health, food security and hydroelectric generation, among others. In response to current and projected impacts, the municipality of Quito adopted Quito’s Climate Change Strategy (QCCS) in 2009. In coordination with key stakeholders, including the academia, the municipality is currently implementing a series of adaptation and mitigation measures in key sectors. Actions fall under four strategic axes: (1) information generation and management; (2) use of clean technologies and good practices for adaptation and mitigation; (3) communication, education and citizen participation; and (4) institutional strengthening and capacity-building. Given the importance of water resources for the city and its surroundings, measures to face climate change in the water provision and risk management sectors are at the core of the strategy. Quito is one of the few Latin American cities that have a local policy instrument such as the Climate Change Strategy, which together with the use of the city’s ecological footprint as a planning tool, put the city at a vanguard in local responses to climate change.


Adaptation Climate change Local policy Quito Water resources 



The authors would like to thank the DSF-IRD, EPN and SENACYT-PIC-08-506 for supporting the participation of Ph.D. Marcos Villacís in this publication. We would also like to acknowledge the INAMHI for the data, as well as all the institutions involved in the implementation of Quito’s Climate Change Strategy.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carolina Zambrano-Barragán
    • 1
    Email author
  • Othon Zevallos
    • 2
  • Marcos Villacís
    • 3
  • Diego Enríquez
    • 1
  1. 1.Environment SecretariatMunicipality of the Metropolitan District of QuitoQuitoEcuador
  2. 2.Water Supply Company of QuitoMunicipality of the Metropolitan District of QuitoQuitoEcuador
  3. 3.National Polytechnic School, Civil and Environmental Engineering DepartmentLadrón de Guevara y AndaluciaQuitoEcuador

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