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Monitoring of Salt Content in Mineral Materials Using Wireless Sensor Networks

  • J. Frick
  • F. Lehmann
  • K. Menzel
  • H. Pakdel
  • M. Krüger
Conference paper
Part of the RILEM Bookseries book series (RILEM, volume 6)

Abstract

The recrystallization of salts due to changes in moisture content is one of the major damage mechanisms in historic materials like natural stones, bricks, plasters, and mortars. This paper presents a new development in the field of wireless monitoring the salt content in historic mineral materials. In this investigation ion selective potential sensors (electrodes) are used for monitoring salt displacement in time, influenced by changes in moisture content. Different kind of electrodes and electrode couplings are tested in laboratory, and in field measurements. For measuring the potential, low power data acquisition hardware was developed that is optimized for using it in wireless sensor networks. Data acquisition uses a competitive wireless sensor network system that is further developed in the SMooHS-Project (Smart Monitoring of Historic Structures, Collaborative Project in the 7th Framework Programme of the EU) to operate under harsh environments. First results of the laboratory and field test are presented, showing that long-term monitoring of salt content is feasible.

Keywords

Ion selective electrodes Material moisture Mineral materials Salts Wireless monitoring Desalination 

Notes

Acknowledgements

 This work was supported by the European Commission under the grant Agreement no. 212939 (Project: Smart monitoring of historic structures – SMooHS, homepage: http://www.smoohs.eu) within the FP7 programme and by the German “Forschungsintitiative Zukunft Bau” of BBSR (Aktenzeichen: SF – 10.08.18.7- 08.35 / II 3 – F20-08-37).

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Copyright information

© RILEM 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Frick
    • 1
  • F. Lehmann
    • 1
  • K. Menzel
    • 1
  • H. Pakdel
    • 1
  • M. Krüger
    • 1
  1. 1.Materialprüfungsanstalt Universität StuttgartStuttgartGermany

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