Inertial Sensors and Attitude Derivation

  • R. P. G. Collinson


Gyroscopes (hereafter abbreviated to gyros) and accelerometers are known as inertial sensors. This is because they exploit the property of inertia, namely the resistance to a change in momentum, to sense angular motion in the case of the gyro and changes in linear motion in the case of the accelerometer. They are fundamental to the control and guidance of an aircraft. For example, in a FBW aircraft the rate gyros and accelerometers provide the aircraftmotion feedback which enables amanoeuvre command control to be achieved and an aerodynamically unstable aircraft to be stabilised by the flight control system (as explained in Chapter 4).


Inertial Measuring Unit Inertial Sensor Tuning Fork Rate Gyro Sagnac Interferometer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Further Reading

  1. AGARD Lecture Series No. 95, Strap-Down Inertial Systems.Google Scholar
  2. Bergh, R.A., Dual-ramp closed-loop fiber-optic gyroscope, Proc. SPIE, Vol. 1169, pp. 429–439, 1989.Google Scholar
  3. Ebberg, A. and Schiffner, G., Closed-loop fiber-optic gyroscope with a sawtooth phase modulated feedback, Opt. Lett., Vol. 10, pp. 300–302, 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Lefevre, H., The Fiber Optic Gyroscope, Artech House, Boston/London.Google Scholar
  5. Lefevre, H., Martin, P., Morisse, J., Simonpietri, P., Vvivenot, P., and Arditty, H.J., High dynamic range fiber gyro with all-digital processing, SPIE, Vol. 1367, pp. 70–80, 1990.Google Scholar
  6. Matthews, A., Fiber optic based inertial measuring unit, SPIE, Vol. 1173, FiberOptic Systems for Mobile Platforms III, 1989.Google Scholar
  7. Page, J.L., Multiplexed approach to the fiber optic gyro inertial measuring unit, in Proceedings OE/FIBERS 1990 SPIE Conference, San Jose, California, September 1990.Google Scholar
  8. Ribes, M., Spahlinger, G., and Kemmler, M.W., 0.1◦/hr DSP-controlled fiber optic gyroscope, SPIE, Vol. 2837, pp. 199–207, 1996.Google Scholar
  9. Sanders, G.A., Szafraniec, B., Strandjord, L., Bergh, R., Kalisjek, A., Dankwort, R., Lange, C., and Kimmel, D., Progress in high performance fiber optic gyroscopes, 116/OWB1-1: Selected Topics in Advanced Solid State a Fiber Optic Sensors: Year 2000.Google Scholar
  10. Siouris, G.M., Aerospace Avionic Systems, Academic Press, 1993.Google Scholar
  11. Wrigley, W., Hollister, W.M., and Denhard, W.G., Gyroscopic Theory, Design and Instrumentation,MIT Press, 1969.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. P. G. Collinson
    • 1
  1. 1.Formerly of GEC Avionics (now part of BAE Systems)KentUK

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