• Bradley D. Fahlman


From bronzes to copper- and iron-based alloys, metallic weaponry and artifacts represent some of the earliest types of materials that date back to the earliest civilizations. This chapter will describe metallurgical methodologies that are used to isolate various metals from their ores, as well as processing used in the steel-making industry. The benefits of powder metallurgy are also highlighted, as compared to standard bulk processing techniques. Detailed structural descriptions of various alloys and steels are provided, with a discussion of how their microstructure affects overall physical properties, such as hardening mechanisms shape-memory, magnetism, and reversible hydrogen storage.


Cast Iron Blast Furnace Duplex Stainless Steel Metal Hydride Ferritic Stainless Steel 
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Further Reading

  1. 1.
    Callister, W. D. Materials Science and Engineering: An Introduction, 7th ed., Wiley: New York, 2007.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Porter, D. A.; Easterling, K. E. Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys, 2nd ed. CRC Press: New York, 1992.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Honeycombe, R. W. K.; Bhadeshia, H. K. D. H. Steels: Microstructure and Properties, 2nd ed., Wiley: New York, 1995.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Grosvenor, A. W. Basic Metallurgy: Volume I, Principles, 3rd ed., American Society for Metals: Cleveland, OH, 1958.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Beddoes, J.; Parr, J. G. Introduction to Stainless Steels, 3rd ed., ASM International: Materials Park, OH, 1999.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
  7. 7.
    Magnetism: Fundamentals Lacheisserie, E. T.; Gignoux, D.; Schlenker, M., eds., Springer: New York, 2004.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mattis, D. C. The Theory of Magnetism Made Simple: An Introduction to Physical Concepts and to Some Useful Mathematical Methods, World Scientific Publishing Company: New York, 2006.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lefteri, C.; Arad, R. Metals: Materials for Inspirational Design, Rotovision: London, 2004.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sedriks, A. J. Corrosion of Stainless Steel, Wiley: New York, 1996.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Damping Structural Vibrations with Shape-Memory Metals, NASA Publication, University Press of the Pacific, 2004.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bradley D. Fahlman
    • 1
  1. 1.Central Michigan UniversityMount PleasantUSA

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