Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

  • Donald E. Greydanus


Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder that affects 4–8% of the population across the life span. Up to 90% of those with ADHD have at least one comorbid condition that may be more critical to the child’s or adolescent’s health than is the ADHD. Those with neurodevelopmental disorders are at high risk for ADHD. Management involves psychological therapy often in conjunction with pharmacologic treatment. Non-drug-related management strategies include appropriate educational placement, parent training, biofeedback, social skills training, support groups, psychotherapy, and/or cognitive–behavioral therapy. The emphasis in this chapter is on the pharmacologic approach that includes psychostimulants, antidepressants, alpha-2 agonists, and a norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor. Management of these patients should emphasize a multimodal approach with careful long-term follow-up by the clinician.


Autism Spectrum Disorder Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Tourette Syndrome Oppositional Defiant Disorder Attention Deficit Disorder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics and Human DevelopmentKalamazoo Center for Medical Studies, Michigan State University College of Human MedicineKalamazooUSA

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