Allied Health Professionals and Intellectual Disability: Moving Toward Independence

  • Meir Lotan


Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) usually have to cope with an array of functional, mental, and physical challenges in addition to the primary diagnosis of ID. Despite the fact that this group of people represents about 2.5% of the world’s population, they are still treated as a minority group. The vast versatility of syndromes, developmental challenges, and medical complexity results in infinite expressions of the ID diagnosis, although they are gathered under the same umbrella term. The management of individuals with ID necessitates treatment in a multitude of areas such as behavioral symptoms, early intervention, education, community-based support, medical challenges, activities of daily living, motor function, and old age, and the intervention approach recommended for this population would therefore be a teamwork model that integrates the knowledge of all allied health professionals into a holistic care management. The versatility of challenges of these clients makes working with them a complex and difficult task. They are one of the most multifaceted and demanding clients for the allied health professional, necessitating the initiation of a specific evaluation and the implementation of unique and creative therapeutic approach for each individual client. Alas, in most countries today there are no structured educational programs that prepare the allied health worker for such a challenge. This chapter will try and set some basic stepping stone into working with these individuals.


Down Syndrome Intellectual Disability Intellectual Disability Rett Syndrome Ally Health Professional 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical TherapyAriel University Center of SamariaArielIsrael
  2. 2.Ariel and Israeli Rett Syndrome Association, National Evaluation Team, National Rett Syndrome ClinicChaim Sheba Medical CenterRamat-GanIsrael

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