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Dental Aspects

  • Ilan Feldberg
  • Joav Merrick
Chapter

Abstract

Oral hygiene and dental care is often neglected in persons with intellectual disability and good dental care can be difficult to acquire. Periodontal and dental diseases are common and can be a source of discomfort, fever, and challenging behaviors, especially because of communication difficulties. Hospitalization and treatment in general anesthesia may be necessary to provide adequate dental care, when outpatient care is impossible. Physicians should emphasize regular dental evaluations and consider mild sedation for outpatient dental visits. Evidence supports the need to develop strategies to increase patient acceptance for routine care, additional training for dentists to provide this care, and the development of more effective preventive strategies to minimize the need for this care. This chapter is based on the provision of dental service to people with intellectual disability in Israel during the past 30 years.

Keywords

Down Syndrome Periodontal Disease Intellectual Disability Intellectual Disability Oral Hygiene 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Health Services, Division for Mental RetardationMinistry of Social Affairs, National Institute of Child Health and Human DevelopmentJerusalemIsrael
  2. 2.National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Health Services, Division for Mental RetardationMinistry of Social Affairs and Social ServicesJerusalemIsrael
  3. 3.Kentucky Children’s Hospital, University of KentuckyLexingtonUSA

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