Disorders of Speech and Voice
Speech is a learned behavior that requires rapid coordination of respiratory, phonatory, and articulatory systems coupled with intact language, cognition, and hearing functions. Speech is often divided into sub-domains that include speech sound production (articulation), fluency, resonance, and voice quality. Children develop control of each of these sub-domains over a period of years, often raising questions for parents and pediatricians about whether a child’s speech is typical or of concern. Speech disorders can be caused by structural anomalies, neuromotor problems, developmental mislearnings, or a combination of these etiologies. Assessment by a speech–language pathologist often provides insight into the etiology and allows an appropriate plan of care. Speech services are often coordinated with other medical, dental, or allied health professional services to provide comprehensive care.
KeywordsVocal Fold Cleft Palate Speech Production Speech Sound Speech Intelligibility
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