Advertisement

Transcendentalism and Original Beginnings

  • Helena De Preester
  • Gertrudis Van de Vijver
Chapter
Part of the Analecta Husserliana book series (ANHU, volume 108)

Abstract

In “Sublime historical experience” (2005), Frank Ankersmit argues that the past originates from an experience of rupture. Such an experience of rupture separates the present from the past, and, at the same time, means the beginning of an effort to overcome the separation. Moreover, the experience is precognitive since it precedes (the possibility of) historical knowledge. As such, it is a condition of possibility for history. Ankersmit resists post-modern thinking about history, considered as too relativizing from the perspective of current philosophy of history. In his view, the focus on text and context, but also the emphasis on categories in transcendental thinking, result in a neglect of experience. Experience should be given its due, also in philosophy of history. Starting from the above challenge, the “original beginnings”, which Husserl posits as meaning-origins of a particular history in The Origin of Geometry (cf. appendix 6 to The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology, 1970) are questioned from a transcendental perspective. More in particular, it will be investigated if these meaning-origins are to be grasped as structural and nachträglich, in a Derridean style, or if they are to be considered as founding moments of experience, probably in a more Merleau-Pontian style. At stake is here the transcendental status of the first acquisition. Is the point from which a historical demarcation is being made, and thus also the meaning-origin itself, a matter of interpretation after the facts or is it the witness of a supposedly genuine experience? The differences between these two options are both subtle and crucial for transcendental thinking today. In the conclusions, we point to the importance of thinking the possibility of history in structural terms, and to different possible appreciations of the spiritual products of culture and more specifically, of works of art.

Keywords

Ideal Objectivity Historical Experience Ideal Meaning Original Acquisition Sublime Experience 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Ankersmit, F. 2005. Sublime historical experience Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. De Preester, H. and Van de Vijver, G. 2005. Evidence and structure. perspectives on the metaphysics of presence and non-presence, Analecta Husserliana, LXXXVIII, ed. A.-T. Tymieniecka, 277–292 Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  3. Derrida, J. 1967. La voix et le phénomène Paris : Presses Universitaires de France.Google Scholar
  4. Husserl, E. 1970. The crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology – An Introduction to Phenomenological Philosophy (trans. Carr, D.). Evanston: Northwestern University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Merleau-Ponty, M. 1998. Notes de Cours sur ‘L’Origine de la Géométrie de Husserl’ – Suivi de ‘Recherches sur la Phénoménologie de Merleau-Ponty’, ed. Renaud Barbaras, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.Google Scholar
  6. Merleau-Ponty, M. (1942). 2002. La Structure du Comportement. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.Google Scholar
  7. Merleau-Ponty, M. 1968. Résumés de Cours – Collège de France. 1952–1960 Paris: Gallimard.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Fine ArtsGhent University CollegeGhentBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Philosophy and Moral SciencesGhent UniversityGhentBelgium

Personalised recommendations