Wearable Optical Chemical Sensors

  • Aleksandra LobnikEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics book series (NAPSB)


Wearable sensors can be used to provide valuable information about the wearer’s health and/or monitor the wearer’s surroundings, identify safety concerns and detect threats, during the wearer’s daily routine within his or her natural environment. The “sensor on a textile”, an integrated sensor capable of analyzing data, would enable early many forms of detection. Moreover, a sensor connected with a smart delivery system could simultaneously provide comfort and monitoring (for safety and/or health), non-invasive measurements, no laboratory sampling, continuous monitoring during the daily activity of the person, and possible multi-parameter analysis and monitoring. However, in order for the technology to be accessible, it must remain innocuous and impose a minimal intrusion on the daily activities of the wearer. Therefore, such wearable technologies should be soft, flexible, and washable in order to meet the expectations of normal clothing. Optical chemical sensors (OCSs) could be used as wearable technology since they can be embedded into textile structures by using conventional dyeing, printing processes and coatings, while fiber-optic chemical sensors (FOCSs) as well as nanofiber sensors (NFSs) can be incorporated by weaving, knitting or laminating. The interest in small, robust and sensitive sensors that can be embedded into textile structures is increasing and the research activity on this topic is an important issue.


Optical Sensor Chemical Sensor Nerve Agent Wearable Sensor Dimethyl Methylphosphonate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors express their sincere gratitude to Ministry of Defense and Ministry of Higher Education of the Republic of Slovenia for their financial support and technical collaboration through the project TP MIR 07/RR/20 and the project ARRS M1-0209.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Centre of Sensor TechnologyUniversity of MariborMariborSlovenia

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