Flow Cytometry in Myelodysplastic Syndromes

  • C. Alhan
  • T.M. Westers
  • G.J. Ossenkoppele
  • Arjan A. van de Loosdrecht


Maturation and differentiation of hematopoietic cells is a tightly controlled process, leading to highly conserved levels of antigen expression at different stages of development. In myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), precursor cell formation is affected resulting in deviation from the normal level of antigen expression in the (im)mature myelo-monocytic, erythroid and megakaryocytic cell lineages. Flow cytometry can detect minimal aberrancies in the differentiation of myelo-monocytic cell populations by changes in antigen expression in BM of MDS patients that are otherwise not detected by morphology.

Since new therapeutic strategies are emerging for MDS, a more refined diagnostic and prognostic procedure is of importance. In this chapter the principles of flow cytometry in MDS and the value of flow cytometry for the diagnosis and prognosis of MDS will be discussed with emphasis on technical issues and aberrancies that can be detected.


Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria Myeloid Progenitor Ring Sideroblasts Flow Cytometric Study Growth Factor Treatment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Alhan
    • 1
  • T.M. Westers
    • 1
  • G.J. Ossenkoppele
    • 1
  • Arjan A. van de Loosdrecht
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of HematologyVU Institute for Cancer and Immunology, VU University Medical CenterAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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