The History of the Myelodysplastic Syndromes

  • Ray M. Lowenthal


The concept of the myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) arose gradually during the twentieth century but depended on a number of seminal earlier discoveries and developments including aniline dye staining of blood cells as introduced by Paul Ehrlich. The MDS have had a multitude of prior names which inhibited comparative research until the publication over the past 30 years of a series of internationally agreed systems of classification which have standardised terminology. Reports of effective treatment have been published only recently but the field holds great promise.


Myelodysplastic Syndrome Pernicious Anaemia Refractory Anaemia Classification Classification Megaloblastic Anaemia 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical Haematology and Medical Oncology and Menzies Research Institute TasmaniaRoyal Hobart HospitalHobartAustralia

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