Elucidation of the concepts of necessity, contingency, independence, and dependence. – Attempt at a new proof for the existence of God on the basis of the incompleteness of self-knowledge.
If a thing is proven to be on hand, its possibility follows of itself. Everything that is actual must also be thought to be possible. Now we have to allow that a contingent, dependent being is on hand, since our own existence is supremely evident, consciousness of our own limitedness is most undeniably evident. We have to concede further that the dependent is not thinkable and, hence, also cannot be on hand without something independent and through all this we saw ourselves compelled to concede the actuality of a necessary, independent being, without which we contingent, dependent beings would not be able to be on hand. Who was it of you who last demanded a clearer unpacking of these terms of art: ‘dependent,’ ‘contingent’ and their opposites ‘independent’ and ‘necessary’?