• B.T. Fijalkowski
Part of the Intelligent Systems, Control and Automation: Science and Engineering book series (ISCA, volume 47)


In this chapter, interested readers may consider the longitudinal motion in the x-axis of an automotive vehicle. By longitudinal motion of the automotive vehicle, we mean how the vehicle responds to a driving input.


Automotive Vehicle Internal Combustion Engine Adaptive Cruise Control Specific Fuel Consumption Vehicle Velocity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References and Bibliography

  1. 210.
    Ward D and R Woodgate (2004): Meeting the challenge of drive-by-wire electronics. MIRA New Technology, ATALINK, 2004.Google Scholar
  2. 94.
    Hammett RC and PS Babcock (2003): Achieving 10-9 Dependability with Drive-by-Wire Systems. 2003 SAE World Congress, Detroit, March 3-6, 2003, SAE Technical Paper Series 2003-01-1290.Google Scholar
  3. 158.
    PITechnology (2004): Drive By Wire Pinifarina Autosicura. White Paper, October 10, 2004, pp. 1-9. Available online at
  4. 135.
    MISRA (1998): Development Guidelines for Vehicle Base Software. The Motor Industry Software Association, MISRA, May 1998.Google Scholar
  5. 196.
    US DoD (1990): Mil-Driverbk-764. System Safety Engineering Design Guide for Army Material. January 1990.Google Scholar
  6. 44.
    DO-178B (1992): Software Considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification. RTCA 1992.Google Scholar
  7. 197.
    US DoD (1993): Mil-Std-882C. System Safety Program Requirements, January 19, 1993.Google Scholar
  8. 190.
    UK MoD (1996): Defence Standard S 00-56. Issue 2 – Safety Manage-ment Requirements for Defence Systems. December 13, 1996.Google Scholar
  9. 191.
    UK MoD (1997: Defence Standard 00-55. Issue 2 – Requirements for Safety Related Software in Defence Systems, August 1, 1997.Google Scholar
  10. 105.
    IEC (1997): Functional Safety of Electrical/Electronic/Programmable Electronic Safety-Related Systems. IEC 61508, Version 4.0, 5 December 1997.Google Scholar
  11. 192.
    UK MoD (1999): Defense Standard 00-54. Issue 1 – Requirements for Safety related Electronic Hardware in Defence Equipment, March 19, 1999.Google Scholar
  12. 198.
    US DoD (2000): Mil-Std-882D. Standard Practices for System Safety. 10 February 2000. Valeo (2004a): Lane Departure Warning System – More alert on the road, Driving Assistance – Focus on lane departure warning. Valeo Management Services 2004, Web Site:
  13. 171.
    Schofield B (2004): Drive-by-wire Systems. Gothorum Carolinae Sigillium Universita, July 16, 2004.Google Scholar
  14. 98.
    Holmes L – Ed. (1977): Oldhams New Motor Manual (Oldhams Ltd.), Hamlyn Publishing Group Ltd., London / New York / Sydney / Toronto, 1977, p. 320.Google Scholar
  15. 49.
    Duffy JE (2008): Modern Automotive Technology. Publisher: The Goodheart-Willcox Co. Inc., Tinley Park, Illinois, 2008, Seventh Edition, 1592 pp. – Also in Power Point Presentation by Russel Kirk:  Chapter 1 – The Automobile. G-W Publisher.
  16. 21.
    Brauer K (2004): Why Brake-by-Wire? TechOnLine, Posted date: 11-29-2000, Publication Date: March 29, 2004.Google Scholar
  17. 91.
    Halvorson B. (2004): By-Wire Systems. TechOnLine, Posted Data: July 7, 2004, Publication Data: March 29, 2004.Google Scholar
  18. 123.
    Lipman J. (2004): Silicon Fuels the Automotive Industry. SemiView Inc. On-line Publishing: November 17, 2004.Google Scholar
  19. 167.
    SAE (2004): SKF by-wire technology for Bertone concept car. Auto-motive Engineering International – Online, Focus on Electronics, SAE International, 2004.Google Scholar
  20. 184.
    Thiesen LP (2003): Entwicklung von Brennstoffzellen-Fahrzeugen bei Opel/GM, GM Presentation, 2003, Slides 1-20.Google Scholar
  21. 169.
    Schmidt Ch (2004): Das Brenstoffzellen-Auto auf dem Weg zur Groβserienreife. Fuel Cell Powersystem & Propulsion, GM OPEL Presentation, 2004, Slide 30.Google Scholar
  22. 9.
    Autotech (2003): GM: Hy-Wire’s Future Depends Upon System Engineering. Autotech daily, Hampton AutoBeat LLC, February 3, 2003. pp. 1-2.Google Scholar
  23. 144.
    Nichols G and J Vergerlehner (1997): Fault Tolerant Displacement Determination Method. US Patent # 5,602,732, 1997.Google Scholar
  24. 97.
    Henzinger, Horewits and CM Kirsch (2003): Giotto: A Time-triggered Language for Embedded Programming. Proceedings of the IEEE, January 2003.Google Scholar
  25. 113.
    Kirsch CM (2003): Real-Time Programming Based on Schedule-Carrying Code. UC Berkeley, Presentation, 2003, Slides: 19 and 23, Available online at:∼cm
  26. 101.
    Huber P and M Mills (2000): The Powerchip Paradigm II. Broadband Power. Digital Power Report, December 2000. Available online at
  27. 102.
    Huber P and M Mills (2005): The Bottomless Well. Basic Books, 2005. Available on-line at:
  28. 172.
    Seiffert U and P Walzer (1991): Automotive Technology of the Future. VDI-Verlag GmbH, 1991, p.251.Google Scholar
  29. 194.
    Universita’ di Bologna (2004): Variable Valve Timing for Load Control (Contact: D Moro) On the topic collaboration with: MagnetiMarelli, University of Bologna, DIEM – Sez. Machine Work Group, PPT Presentation, Slide: 4/6.Google Scholar
  30. 34.
    Chang CF, NP Fekete, A Amstutz and JD Powell (1995): Air-Fuel Ratio Control in Spark-Ignition Engines Using Estimation Theory," IEEE Control Systems Technology, Vol. 3, March 1995.Google Scholar
  31. 107.
    Jones VK, BA Ault, GF Franklin and JD Powell (1995): Identification and Air-Fuel Ration Control of a Spark Ignition Engine. IEEE Control Systems Technology, Vol. 3, March 1995.Google Scholar
  32. 159.
    Powell JD, NP Fekete, and CF Chang (1998): Observer-Based Air-Fuel Ratio Control. IEEE Control Systems, October 1998.Google Scholar
  33. 133.
    Mianzo L and H Peng (1999): A Unified HM-Miltonian Approach for LQ and H Preview Control Algorithms. Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control, September 1999.Google Scholar
  34. 134.
    Mianzo L, H Peng and J Haskara (2001): Transient Air-Fuel H Preview Control of a Drive-By-Wire Internal Combustion Engine. Proc. American Control Conference, Arlington, VA, June 25-27, 2001, pp. 2867-2871.Google Scholar
  35. 202.
    Valentine R (1995): Cruise Control, pp. 14.1-14.9.  Chapter 14 in the book: Automotive Electronics Handbook (Ronald Jurgen, Ed.), McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York, London, Toronto, 1995.
  36. 11.
    Bannatyne R (1992): Fuzzy logic – A new approach to embedded control solutions. Motorola Semiconductor Design Concept, DC410, 1992.Google Scholar
  37. 65.
    Fijalkowski B (1997a): Ultrainductors, ultracapacitors and ultrafly-wheels for all-electric and hybrid vehicles. Proc. International Dedicated Conference on ELECTRIC, HYBRID AND ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLES IN THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY in conjunction with the 30th ISATA: International Symposium on Automotive Technology and Automation, Florence, Italy, June 16-19, 1997, Paper No. 97EL051, pp. 225-232.Google Scholar
  38. 188.
    Törngren M (2002): Safety Critical Computer Control Systems – SC 3 S. Introductory day – area introduction – autumn 2002, Kungl. Tekniska Högskolan, Mechatronics lab at KTH, September 18, 2002, s. 17 (45).Google Scholar
  39. 5.
    Amemiya H (2004): The Japanese Studies: Market Introduction and Liability Issues of ADAS in Japan. Advanced Cruise, Assist Highway System Research Association (AHSRA), April 30, 2004, Slides: 1-38.Google Scholar
  40. 199.
    Valeo (2004b): A new “intelligent” lighting system which improves visibility in curves by up to 90 %, Driving Assistance – Focus on adaptive lighting. Valeo Management Services 2004. Available online at 861.
  41. 200.
    Valeo (2004c): An efficient windshield washer system, Driving Assistance – Focus on SmartWash™. Valeo Management Services 2004. Avail able online at .
  42. 38.
    Czinczel A (1995): Traction Control, pp. 16.1-15.  Chapter 16 in the book: Automotive Electronics Handbook (Ronald Jurgen, Ed.), McGraw-Hill, Inc. New York / London / Toronto, 1995.
  43. 131.
    Memmer S (2001): Stability Control: Get Your Yaw-Yaws Out! Accessed: 3/10/2002, Last updated: June 6, 2001. Available online at
  44. 89.
    Godfrey L and M Yates (2002): Traction Control in Vehicles. Lecture: Control and Mechatronics 322, Semestr 2, Lecturer: Associate Professor Jie Pan, October 28, 2002, pp. 1-31.Google Scholar
  45. 185.
    Thomas J (1998): RACELOGIC traction control, Accessed: 3/10/2002, Available online at
  46. 12.
    Bansbach EA (1998): Development of a Shift by Wire Synchronized 5-Speed Manual Transmission, SAE Technical Paper Series, Paper No. 980831. Available online at 980831.pdf.Google Scholar
  47. 104.
    Hwang S-J, JL Stout and CC Ling (1998): Modeling and Analysis of Powertrain Torsional Response. SAE International Congress and Exhibition, Detroit, Michigan, February 23-26, 1998, SAE Technical Paper Series, Paper No. 980276.Google Scholar
  48. 154.
    Pettersson M and L Nielsen (2000): Gear Shifting by Engine Control’, IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology, Vol. 8, No 3, May 2000.Google Scholar
  49. 219.
    Yang K-J, K-S Hong and D Cho (2001): A Robust Control for Engine and Transmission Systems: Enhancement of Shift Quality’, JSME: Mechanical Systems, Machine Elements & Manufacturing, 2001, Vol. 44, No 3.Google Scholar
  50. 223.
    Zhang N, DK Liu, JM Jeyakumaran and L Villanueva (2002): Modelling of dynamic characteristics of an automatic transmission during shift changes. Proc Instn Mech Engrs, 2002,Vol. 216, Part I.Google Scholar
  51. 86.
    Fujii Y, WE Tobler, EM Clausing, TW Megli and M Haghgooie. (2002): Application of dynamic band brake model for enhanced drive-train simulation. Proc Instn Mech Engrs, 2002, Vol. 216, Part D.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Ercole G, G Mattiazzo, S Mauro, M Velardocchia and F M Misano (1999): Co-Operating Clutch and Engine Control for Servo-actuated Shifting Through Fuzzy Supervisor. Transmission and Driveline Symposium 1999. SAE Technical Papers Series, Paper No. 1999-01-0746.Google Scholar
  53. 31.
    Centea D, MT Rahnejat and MT Menday (1999): The influence of the interface coefficient of friction upon the propensity to judder in auto-motive clutches. Journal of Automotive Engineering, Vol. 213, 1999, Part D3.Google Scholar
  54. 16.
    Bostwick CC and R Szadkowski. (1998): A. Self-Exited Vibrations During Engagement of Dry Friction Clutches. International Truck & Bus Meeting and Exposition, Indianapolis, Indiana, November 16-18, 1998. SAE Technical Paper Series 982846.Google Scholar
  55. 14.
    Biermann J-W, A Reitz and T Schumacher (2000): The Clonk Phenomenon – a Load Change Reaction to be Balanced in Terms of Comfort and Engine Response. Seoul FISITA World Automotive Congress, Seoul, Korea, June 12-15, 2000.Google Scholar
  56. 153.
    Persson J. (2004): Integrated Powertrain Control – a Literature Survey on Longitudinal Vibrations, Driveability Aspects and Future Challenges. Master Thesis EX024/2003, Department of Signals and Systems, Chalmers University of Sweden, March 2004.Google Scholar
  57. 141.
    Neuffer K (1992): Elektronische Getriebesteuerung von Bosch. ATZ Automobiltechnische Zeitschrift 94, Heft 9, 1992, pp. 442-449.Google Scholar
  58. 142.
    Neuffer K, W Bulimer and W Brehm. (1995): Transmission Control, pp. 13.1-13.21.  Chapter 13 in the book: Automotive Electronics Handbook (Ronald Jurgen, Ed.), McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York, London, Toronto, 1995.
  59. 180.
    Streib HM and R Leonhard (1992): Hierarchical control strategy for powertrain function. XXIV FISITA Congress, London, 1992.Google Scholar
  60. 106.
    Jacovides LJ (1980): Electric and Hybrid Vehicles - Progress in Technology, Series No. 21, Society of Automotive Engineers Inc., 1980.Google Scholar
  61. 195.
    Unnewehr LE and SA Nasar (1982): Electric Vehicle Technology. John Wiley and Sons, 1982.Google Scholar
  62. 41.
    Delprat S, TM Guerra, G Paganelli, J Lauber and M Delholm (2001): Control strategy optimization for a hybrid parallel powertrain’ Proc. of the American Control Conference, Arlington, VA, June 25-27, 2001.Google Scholar
  63. 150.
    Paganelli G, TM Guerra, S Delprat, J-J Santin, M Delhom and E Combes (2000): Simulation and assessment of power control strategies for a parallel car. Journal of Automobile Engineering, Vol. 214, 2000, Part D.Google Scholar
  64. 173.
    Seiler J and D Schröder (1998): Hybrid vehicle co-operating strategies. The 15th International Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition, Brussels, Belgium, October 1998.Google Scholar
  65. 114.
    Kleimaier A and D Schröder (2000): Optimization Strategy for Design and Control of a Hybrid Vehicle, Proc. of the 6th International Workshop on Advanced Motion Control, 2000, pp 459-464.Google Scholar
  66. 203.
    Stryk O von (1994): Numerische Lösung optimaler Steuerungs-probleme: Diskretisierung, Parameteroptimierung und Berechnung der adjungierten Variablen. Dissertation M-M Lehrstuhl für höhere Mathematik der TU München, 1994.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dept. Mechanical EngineeringCracow University of TechnologyKrakowPoland

Personalised recommendations