Regionalisation of Climate Scenarios for the Western Baltic Sea

  • Ulf Gräwe
  • Hans Burchard
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 1)


Global coupled climate models are generally capable of reproducing the observed trends in the globally averaged atmospheric temperature. However, the global models do not perform as well on regional scales. Here, we present results from two 140-year, high-resolution regional ocean model experiments for the Western Baltic Sea. The forcing is taken from a regional atmospheric model and a medium scale ocean model. The model runs with two greenhouse gas emission scenarios (each for 100 years), A1B and B1, for the period 2000–2100. A control run (C20) from 1960 to 2000 is used for validation. For both scenarios, the results show the expected warming, with an increase of 0.5–2.5 K at the sea surface and 0.7–2.8 K below 40 m. The simulations further indicate a decrease in salinity, a change in stratification, and an increase of the return period of storm surges.


Return Period Cold Bias Salt Flux Bottom Salinity Strong Wind Event 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Supercomputing power was provided by HLRN (Norddeutscher Verbund für Hoch-und Höchstleistungsrechnen).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea ResearchRostockGermany

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