Understanding the Origins and Evolution of Eco-city Development: An Introduction

  • Tai-Chee Wong
  • Belinda Yuen


City expansion and rising consumerism in an increasingly urbanized world has caused greater threat to the physical environment. Ecological planning has thus responded to guide urban development towards minimizing use of land, energy and other materials to help build healthy urban living. The key principle of eco-city planning is to make city habitat in harmony with nature. Earlier planning concepts of garden city, contemporary new urbanism, environmental ethics, deep ecology movement have all a significant influence on the evolution of eco-city planning. Sustainable consumption ideas have also acted as a balancing force. In implementation and planning practice, however, the “one size fits all” approach must be ruled out. The book covers policy, implementation and micro-planning approaches.


Public Transport Ecological Footprint Environmental Ethic Green Infrastructure Green Building 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Singapore Institute of PlannersSingaporeSingapore

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